Nepal

Sustainable development is only possible if there is peace. In Nepal, Switzerland supports the integrative social and democratic development of the state and promotes a transparent and effective administration. Swiss development cooperation is active especially in the areas of rural infrastructure, food security and income generation.

Map of Nepal
© FDFA

 

Despite progress since the end of a ten-year civil war (1996–2006), the country faces enormous socio-political challenges. Chief among these are deficits in the fields of human rights, the rule of law, transitional justice and social and economic inequalities among Nepal's more than 125 different ethnic groups.

The constitution, which was adopted in September 2015, did not fully meet the expectations and demands of disadvantaged groups. This dissatisfaction resulted in protests that lasted for months and an economic blockade at the border with India. The political events and the massive earthquake in 2015 have severely slowed down economic growth. As a result, many families have again been reduced to poverty.

Nepal ranks 145th out of 187 countries in the Human Development Index of the United Nations Development Programme. In spite of progress in fighting poverty a quarter of the population is still living below the poverty line.

Following the signing of the peace agreement in 2006, in 2008 Nepal became a secular parliamentary federal republic.

State reforms, local governance and citizen participation

Switzerland is working in Nepal to help establish properly functioning and inclusive state structures at the national and local levels. By prioritising human security, the rule of law and the protection of human rights, Switzerland is helping to combat a culture of violence, discrimination and widespread impunity.

One of Switzerland's projects supports community members, especially women, in asserting their rights vis-à-vis the local government. At the same time, the accountability of the government is increased and enforced. Switzerland is also working to improve local administrations and public services. To date approximately 60 municipalities and 4,000 villages have been able to benefit from this project.

Advocacy and Good Governance

State and economic reforms

Gender equality – gender and women's rights

Rural development and food security

Switzerland aims to improve living conditions and increase food security especially for the rural population. It is supporting the sustainable use of natural resources, such as land, water and forests, as well as the construction of roads and bridges, thus facilitating access to markets and services for the groups concerned. In addition, Switzerland is promoting vocational education and training among young women and men to enable them to find work.

Thanks to the construction of properly functioning and reliable irrigation systems and transport routes, the food security of 353,000 households, 60% of which are from disadvantaged groups, has been improved on a sustainable basis. Marginalised smallholder farmers, including many households headed by women, are benefiting from better and more reliable access to resources and are improving their crop yields and opportunities to sell their produce.

Agriculture and food security

Approach and partners

Switzerland is using a coherent and comprehensive approach to work closely with local authorities, other donor countries and international organisations such as the World Bank. Switzerland's commitment benefits the United Nations' Local Governance and Community Development Programme and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development. All programmes integrate the principles of good governance, gender equality and equality for all social and ethnic groups.

Switzerland's key partners in Nepal are:

  • Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation and AF-ITECO AG
  • The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
  • The Local Initiative for Biodiversity, Research and Development
  • Multilateral organisations: the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

Current projects

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Thin lines that change lives

Women carrying baskets walk on a trail bridge.

01.08.2014 - 31.07.2019

In Nepal, trail bridges are vital for rural mobility. Almost 80 of them were severely damaged or destroyed during the earthquakes of 2015, jeopardizing access to education, health services and local markets for thousands of inhabitants in the mountainous regions. The SDC joined the reconstruction efforts, basing its intervention on the long-standing expertise it has in the country. 

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Nepal
Agriculture and Food Security
Rural infrastructure
Agriculture value-chain development
TRANSPORT AND STORAGE
MULTISECTOR or CROSS-CUTTING
Transport policy and administrative management
Rural development

01.08.2014 - 31.07.2019


CHF 10'998'000



Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project (GBV Project)

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

Gender-based violence is prevalent in Nepal because of patriarchal values, lack of rights awareness or support services and poor implementation of laws. In the first phase, the project will directly reach 50,000 households in three districts with GBV prevention activities involving women, girls, men and boys and will provide improved medical, psychosocial and legal services for a minimum of 1’000 GBV survivors. Subsequently, the coverage will be increased.


Planned project

Enhanced Skills for Sustainable and Reliable Employment (ENSSURE)

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025

500’000 unskilled youths enter the Nepali labour market yearly but remain un- or underemployed as the market cannot absorb them. ENSSURE aims at enhancing gainful wage and self-employment mainly for youth of disadvantaged groups through short-/medium-term training, apprenticeship and business skills development. It will work through close public-private partnerships at national and district level of the vocational training and expand service provision to sectors of high productivity and employment.


Motorable Local Roads Bridge Programme (MLRBP) – Phase III

01.03.2017 - 31.07.2020

MLRBP III will contribute directly to improved livelihoods of 1.2 million rural people through technical assistance in bridge building and facilitating improved access. Lack of access to services, markets and opportunities remains one of the reasons for high poverty. Bridges on local roads are critical for an all year round access for the rural poor, creating economic and social development opportunities for them, and reducing the huge economic costs they incur for travel, trade, health and farm inputs.



Local Roads Improvement Programme (LRIP – II)

16.07.2016 - 31.07.2018

Past SDC interventions have focussed on making rural road construction work for the poor and disadvantaged through labour-intensive construction methods. This project now takes proven approaches further by ensuring even more all-weather accessibility to markets and services by emphasising the importance of maintenance and preservation of built roads through promotion of labour-based roads maintenance methods and by fostering an institutional process in the districts, which should pave the way for the highly successful concepts of road construction and maintenance to be adopted as national standards.
 


Motorable Local Roads Bridge Programme (MLRBP) – Phase II

01.06.2016 - 28.02.2018

Lack of access to services, markets and opportunities is one of the reasons for high incidence of poverty in Nepal. The Government of Nepal (GoN) has accorded a high priority to the construction of bridges to improve accessibility of remote areas in Nepal and increased the budget 5-fold in the last four years. The proposed phase will build on GoN’s confidence in the Swiss technical support, while preparing to accelerate the construction of bridges to facilitate improved access.


National Human Rights Commission’s Strategic Plan Support Project (SPSP)

01.05.2016 - 31.12.2017

People in Nepal still suffer from lack of effective human rights protection, weak public accountability, and prevailing impunity. Switzerland and Denmark continue to support the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) aiming at systematically developing its internal capacity. The third phase will enable the NHRC to better fulfil its mandate and increase its legitimacy and leverage to advocate more effectively for the protection and promotion of human rights for the people of Nepal.


Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project (GBV Project)

01.02.2016 - 31.12.2018

Gender-based violence (GBV) is widely prevalent in Nepal due to patriarchal values, a lack of rights awareness and support services and poor implementation of laws. Working with a wide range of actors relevant for addressing GBV, the Project will directly reach 120,000 households in three districts of Nepal with GBV prevention activities involving women, girls, men and boys. In addition, a minimum of 1000 GBV survivors will benefit from improved medical, psychosocial and legal services.


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. With a total contribution of 7 million CHF, the Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 3’500 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance through secondments and experts provided also by SDC/HA.


Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Project (DRILP) – Phase III

01.01.2016 - 31.07.2019

DRILP Phase 3 will support the Government of Nepal to accelerate recovery and reconstruction following the devastating earthquake of 25 April 2015 and the major aftershock of 12 May 2015. The project will provide the Technical Assistance (TA) to implement the Asian Development Bank (ADB) financed Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project in rebuilding 450 kms of damaged roads in 12 districts[1] of Nepal and rehabilitate 200 kms of trails in two[2] districts.

[1] The 12 earthquake affected project districts are Solukhumbu, Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, Dolakha, Kavre, Sindhuli, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Lamjung, Gorkha and Chitwan

[2] Dolakha and Gorkha


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

11.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. The Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 2’250 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance secondments provided by SDC humanitarian aid.

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