North Africa (Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya)

The political upheavals of 2011 have set in motion a lengthy and uncertain transition process in North Africa. Switzerland supports Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Morocco through targeted projects, which promote democracy and human rights, stimulate economic development, create jobs and deal with migration issues.

Map of the region North Africa (Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya)

Out of solidarity and in its own best interests, Switzerland expanded its involvement in North Africa in 2011, providing support to its partner countries on the difficult road towards stability and democracy.

Free elections and new constitutions are positive signs; however, past experience has shown that periods of social upheaval can last decades. In North Africa, the political and economic situation remains uncertain for the time being.

The Swiss programme is being implemented, as an interdepartmental effort, by the Directorate of Political Affairs of the FDFA, the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) and the SDC.

Democratic transition and human rights

Supporting the vital elements of a functioning democracy

The uprisings in North Africa are directed against the authoritarian and repressive nature of the previous regimes. These regimes were characterised by nepotism, human rights violations, the absence of the rule of law and the exclusion of the people from the policy-making process.

Switzerland promotes democratic transition through a number of targeted projects: supporting credible electoral processes and providing experts on constitutional matters; strengthening the rule of law, human rights, political dialogue and civil society; supporting the reconstruction of the security sector and helping the state media to better fulfil its mandate of providing information; and providing support in dealing with the legacy of the past and in repatriating blocked assets of former rulers.

State and Economic Reforms

Engagement in fragile contexts and prevention of violent conflicts

Economic development and job creation

Innovative and down-to-earth projects for improving living conditions

Large parts of the population believed that in addition to political demands, corruption and the poor economic outlook were the main causes for the political upheavals of 2011. The formal economy does not provide enough jobs for the working-age population. This has led to high unemployment rates, especially among young people.

Switzerland contributes to the economic development in these countries by running innovative and down-to-earth projects. These include improving international competitiveness and macroeconomic stability, financing urban infrastructure and the sustainable use of natural resources, sharing its experience in vocational education and training, supporting young entrepreneurs and creating jobs.

Basic education and vocational training

Private Sector Development and financial services 

Migration and protection

A holistic approach to the protection of people

North Africa has experienced numerous migratory flows within the different countries, within the region, towards Europe and as a transit route for people from sub-Saharan Africa. Many people take great risks to migrate, and are often victims of racism, violence and exploitation. Women and children are particularly at risk.

Switzerland takes a holistic approach by both strengthening the positive effects of migration while minimising the negative effects. Specifically this means working with the local authorities and their diaspora abroad, protecting and assisting vulnerable migrants and victims of human trafficking and promoting their rights, reducing irregular migration and financing migrant return programmes.

Migration

History of cooperation

Switzerland has stepped up its commitment since the Arab uprisings

The SDC withdrew from the region in 2008, with the exception of a humanitarian project in Morocco. Other federal offices were involved in specific projects in the region, including SECO with a long-standing programme in Egypt.

The Federal Council decision of 11 March 2011 increased Switzerland's financial commitment and broadened the thematic scope of its involvement in North Africa, subdividing its activities into three thematic areas. The SDC is part of Switzerland's overall programme and works in all three areas. It is working on an extensive programme in Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco, and is involved in specific projects in Libya.

Links

Projects Egypt

Object 1 – 12 of 13

Forging a common ‘Nile culture’ through music and academic training

Nile Project musicians on a boat.

01.05.2015 - 31.07.2017

To make the Nile Basin a common ground and shared ecosystem for the inhabitants of the eleven countries through which the Nile River flows, the SDC supports the innovative musical and educational Nile Project. The project brings together artists, students and concerned citizens. A series of acclaimed concerts has taken place since 2013; at the same time, students are developing initiatives to foster a better use of water resources.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Egypt
Economy and Employment
Education
Migration
Environment
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Economy and Employment
Culture
Disaster Risk Reduction – Preparedness
Education policy
Environment protection
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development
Mitigation of the effects of climate change
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)

01.05.2015 - 31.07.2017


CHF 750'000



Economic prospects for young people in rural areas

Farmers are being trained on the vertical tomatoes planting techniques which double their production. ©DDC

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2018

The SDC project in rural Aswan Governorate in Egypt aims to improve the economic prospects of local young men and women. The SDC promotes enterprises in the agricultural, livestock breeding and fisheries sectors to create new jobs and provide young people with an alternative to migrating to urban centres.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Egypt
Agriculture and Food Security
Education
Economy and Employment
Labor market development
Agriculture value-chain development
Vocational training and skills development
Agriculture value-chain development
Vocational training and skills development

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2018


CHF 5'020'000



Water from the Nile: a treasure to be conserved

© SDC

01.11.2012 - 31.07.2017

While the population of Egypt continues to rise, the volume of the Nile remains constant. Water must therefore be used sparingly. This is what the SDC is encouraging people to do in ten villages in the north of Aswan Governorate as part of an effort to improve irrigation practices. The project aims to boost the land’s productivity and increase farmers' income.

Country/region Period Budget
Egypt

01.11.2012 - 31.07.2017


CHF 2'998'500



StARS Organizational Development and Legal Support Initiative

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2019

St.Andrew’s Refugee Services (StARS) provides educational, legal, psychosocial services to a total of 19,000 refugees and migrants. With the shrinking number of refugee service providers and the increasing numbers of transit refugees and migrants, StARS expanded its services in 2015, to cover legal support and meet the growing gap of needs. This project aims to improve protection services for the most vulnerable refugees and migrants by developing StARS’ organizational capacity and strengthen internal mechanisms.


Water Programme Aswan, Component 3: Water Efficiency and Economic Support (WEE) in Nasr El Nuba and Kom Ombo

01.07.2012 - 31.03.2018

Egypt is a water scarce country and despite recent reforms in the water sector, major challenges remain. Based on needs identified by local authorities and past experiences by the Egyptian-Swiss Development Fund, the programme aims to improve public water supply and management, increase management and income from rehabilitated irrigation systems as well as sensitizing the population about water-related issues.


World Bank Capital Markets Strenghtening Facility

01.03.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Capital Markets Strengthening Facility is an innovative cross-cutting initiative with the overall objective to develop stable and resilient capital markets and to facilitate long-term local currency financing for sectors critical for economic growth and poverty reduction. SECO’s funds are earmarked to its priority countries in the 'South'.


Improving Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management in Dakhaleya Governorate, Egypt

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management Project will realize one important aspect of the Egyptian National Strategy for Hazardous Medical Waste Management: the establishment of centralized incineration facilities including the required capacity building and training. The experience made with the project shall be fed back into the future discussion to revise and upgrade the strategy and into a policy dialog to improve health care waste management in Egypt.


Public Private Infrastructure Facility (PPIAF) Phase IV

01.12.2014 - 31.12.2017

The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) is a multi-donor technical assistance facility aimed at helping developing country governments improving the quality of their infrastructure services through private sector involvement.


National Solid Waste Management Program for Egypt

01.03.2014 - 31.12.2021

The National Solid Waste Management Program aims at supporting the establishment and implementation of effective policy, legislation and institutional arrangements for municipal solid waste management in Egypt, coupled with the implementation of related infrastructure.


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.


Improved Water Services Program II

01.07.2013 - 30.12.2019

The Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II (IWSP II) plans to increase the coverage of water supply systems and wastewater treatment infrastructure in four Governorates of Upper Egypt (Qena, Assiout, Minya, Sohag).


Education for Employment program

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2017

The E4E program is to provide Arab Youth in the client countries in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) with skills that are relevant to the marketplace, so that Arab Youth can earn a better future. The program is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC).

Object 1 – 12 of 13

Projects Libya

Object 1 – 3 of 3

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DRC: Improve conditions of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants (mixed migrants) and capacities of relevant stakeholders in Libya, including local authorities and civil society

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2017

Fleeing persecution, violence and armed conflict, mixed migrant groups from Sub-Sahara and the Middle East continue to arrive in Libya despite a fragile protection environment. Due to the ongoing instability and the lack of a national protection system, they are highly vulnerable and risk abuse and detention. The project aims to foster a protective environment for mixed migrants in detention centers and camps in and around Tripoli through improved protection and humanitarian assistance.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2018

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2017

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.

Object 1 – 3 of 3

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Projects Morocco

Object 1 – 10 of 10

  • 1

ALCS: Assistance des Migrants subsahariens Victimes de Violences Sexuelles

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2017

Les Migrant(e)s Subsaharien(ne)s (MSS) sont particulièrement expoé(e)s aux violences au cours de leur voyage migratoire comme lors de leur séjour au Maroc. Les conséquences de ces vilences se répercutent sur leur santé physique et mentale, ainsi que sur leurs conditions sociales. Parmi les MSS, les femmes et leurs enfants sont les plus vulnérables. Ce projet vise à offrir aux migrant(e)s survivant(e)s des violences sexuelles une assistance médicale et sociale d'urgence ainsi qu'un suivi médical physique et psychologique. 


Caritas Maroc : Promouvoir l’exercice des droits humains des migrants au Maroc

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2019

Morocco is a country of transit and destination for migrants and refugees, 20’000 of which live on the margins of society, despite Morocco in 2014 adopting a first ever migration strategy, promising the respect of human rights and access to public services. Caritas enables 3’000 vulnerable migrants per year - mainly women and children - to translate access rights into access reality, and coaches public and civil society service providers to care for the specific needs of the new clients.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2018

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Gestion intégrée des bassins versants au Moyen Atlas

20.11.2015 - 31.12.2017

L’érosion des sols au Maroc, sévère dans les montagnes de l’Atlas, est à la fois cause et indicateur des défis auxquels font face les populations vulnérables de la région: désastres naturels et précarité. L’intervention propose une approche innovante de gestion intégrée des bassins versants qui augmentera durablement la résilience des populations locales, tout en améliorant leurs conditions de vie. L’engagement fort du Maroc pour sa réplication future à l’échelle nationale permet un effet multiplicateur considérable.


ONU Femmes: Accès aux Services judiciaires pour des femmes et des enfants victimes de la traite des êtres humains au Maroc

01.09.2015 - 28.02.2018

Malgré les réformes initiées au niveau juridique et institutionnel, la traite des personnes reste un phénomène croissant au Maroc. La mise ne place d'un mécanisme national de lutte contre la traite coordonnée entre de nombreux services publics et les acteurs de la socitété civile est nécessaire pour une meilleure protection des victimes. Les récents développements juridiques et polititques ont dynamisé la lutte contre la traite. La phase actuelle du projet vise à améliorer la protection des victimes à travers un appui technique et une meilleure coordination. 


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2017

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.


Médecins du Monde Belgique: Tamkine Migrants (Promouvoir l’intégration médicale des femmes migrantes au Maroc)

01.05.2015 - 30.04.2018

La nouvelle politique migratoire présentée par le Maroc en septembre 2013 offre une opportunité pour la concrétisation de la volonté du pays de respecter ses engagements internationaux envers les migrants et leur intégration. Pour des raisons administratives, financières ou par manque de capacités, les institutions marocaines ne sont pas encore en mesure de généraliser leur prestations aux femmes migrantes vulnérables. Ce projet vise à améliorer l’accès médico-psycho-social des femmes migrantes au Maroc (Rabat et Oujda) en institutionnalisant et transférant le savoir-faire de la société civile aux structures publiques.


ONUDI: Développement de la chaîne de valeur AZIR à l’Oriental (AZIR-O)

15.12.2014 - 31.12.2017

L’agriculture crée 4 millions d’emplois au Maroc, surtout en milieu rural, où les produits du terroir présentent un grand potentiel pour améliorer les conditions de vie des populations vulnérables. Le projet vise l’amélioration de l’accès aux marchés et des conditions socio-économiques des coopératives et cueilleurs, souvent précaires, au sein de la chaîne de valeur romarin dans la région de l’Oriental. Il complémente ainsi le travail du SECO sur deux autres filières et lie les différentes activités suisses dans une approche programmatique cohérente.


SBA: Appui Suisse aux Associations Professionnelles Marocaines (ASAP-M)

01.01.2013 - 30.09.2017

Malgré la performance économique marocaine remarquable, les besoins des micros, petites et moyennes entreprises (MPME) agricoles ne sont pas encadrés adéquatement par les associations professionnelles (AP) et/ou par l’appui étatique. A travers un renforcement institutionnel des AP existantes et de réseautage, le projet les accompagne à améliorer les prestations envers leurs membres, afin d’augmenter la performance des MPME en terme de compétitivité, revenu et emploi.


PAMPAT Tunisie - typical agro products on the value chain

01.11.2013 - 31.12.2017

Le coeur du programme vise l'amélioration de l'accès aux marchés (national et export) et des conditions socio-économiques de tous les opérateurs au sein de trois chaînes de valeur (CV) En Tunisie. Il existe une autre composante principale PAMPAT au Maroc (MA). Les trois chaînes de valeur sélectionnées sont les suivantes : Harissa, figue de Djebba et Cactus/Figue de barbarie.

Object 1 – 10 of 10

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Projects Tunisia

Object 1 – 12 of 22

Fifteen thousand jobs created in Tunisia since the revolution

01.07.2011 - 31.12.2017

The I-SEMER project (Swiss initiative for jobs and rural micro and small enterprises) aimed to create 10,000 jobs for young people in four disadvantaged governorates of Tunisia over a period of four years. It has exceeded its objective. This project, which has been developed in cooperation with Tunisian partners, was Switzerland's first operational support in the vulnerable zones of post-revolution Tunisia.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Tunisia
Economy and Employment
Labor market development
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development

01.07.2011 - 31.12.2017


CHF 8'441'000



Plateforme d'assistance aux migrants dans le Grand Tunis et la région de Sfax

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2018

Les populations migrantes en Tunisie recontrent de nombreuses poblématiques d'ordre juridique, social ou administratif. Le projet prévoit une continuité du service de la "Maison du Droit et des Migrations" à Tunis comme lieu de référence, d'acceuil, d'orientation et d'assistance individualisée aux migrants, avec une expansion géographique à Sfax. Comme complément, le projet développera des partenariats avec le secteur public avec un renforcement de capacité de celui-ci et favorisera l'élaboration, de manière conjointe, d'outil d'acoompagnement au profit des migrants vulnérables. 


Formation professionnelle en Tunisie: modules pratiques pour renforcer l’employabilité des jeunes

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Le processus de transition démocratique en Tunisie reste fragile et le chômage des jeunes diplômés est un problème fondamental. S’inspirant du système dual en Suisse et faisant recours à l’expertise suisse dans le domaine de la formation professionnelle, le Programme vise, à travers sa première phase ‘’pilote’’ et sa deuxième phase de ‘’consolidation’’, à réduire l’instabilité sociale et politique en Tunisie liée au découragement des jeunes diplômés, à la vulnérabilité économique, aux disparités régionales et aux manque de gouvernance.


PNUD Croissance Inclusive & Développement Humain

15.12.2015 - 31.12.2017

Quatre ans après la Révolution, la Tunisie n'a pas renoué avec une planification ciblant la lutte contre la pauvreté. L'intervention accompagnera le Gouvernement dans ses efforts pour implémenter des politiques publiques visant des progrès significatifs en matière de réduction de la pauvreté, d'inclusion et création d'emplois, surtout pour les jeunes et le femmes. Elle contribuera ainsi à l'atteinte des priorités nationales tout en complétant et en accompagnant judicieuesement les projets suisses en Tunisie. 


Renforcement du Croissant Rouge Tunisien en tant qu'acteur de changement

15.12.2015 - 30.06.2018

Disposant d'un réseau d'envirion 10'000 bénévoles, le Croissant Rouge Tunisien (CRT) constitue l'organisation caritative la plus importante en Tunisie. Ce projet vise à développer les capacités du CRT à travers le développement organisationnel, le renforcement des capacités des ressources humaines et le développement institutionnel afin qu'il puisse répondre à son mandat de manière fiable et professionnelle. Le partage des responsabilités entre le Gouvernement et le CRT comme acteur de la société civile et auxiliaire de l'État permettra une performance et un engagement plus importants par exemple dans la migration. 


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2018

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Programme de soutien au processus électoral en Tunisie

01.11.2015 - 31.10.2018

La pérennisation du processus électoral est une étape fondamentale de la consolidation de la transition démocratique en Tunisie. Ce programme contribuera à l’institutionnalisation des autorités électorales indépendantes, ainsi qu’à l’organisation opérationnelle des scrutins 2016. De plus, il contribuera à la sensibilisation des citoyens, en particulier les jeunes et les femmes, avec comme objectif d’une participation importante de leurs parts dans les processus de prises de décisions. Vu son engagement dans le processus électoral en Tunisie depuis 2011, la Suisse est aujourd’hui considérée comme un partenaire crédible et impartial.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2017

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.




Tunisia Public Financial Management & and Local Governments MDTF

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2020

This Program aims to strengthen Tunisia’s public financial management for improved efficiency and transparency at national and subnational levels. It includes in particular a series of activities aimed at strengthening the capacity of the most disadvantaged municipalities.


Urban development Sousse and secondary cities (phase 1)

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2018

This project aims at supporting the Municipality of Sousse in the implementation of the 'Urban Development Strategy of the City of Sousse', by providing financial and knowledge support to plan the development of the third city of Tunisia in a sustainable way.

Object 1 – 12 of 22