Switzerland is contributing to the struggle against poverty in Tanzania’s central corridor. While facilitating access to good quality health services, it is also working to promote employment and boost incomes in rural areas, as well as to strengthen civil society and independent media.

Map of Tanzania

Tanzania is one of the world’s poorest countries. According to the World Bank, in 2012, 28.2% of the country’s population was still living below the poverty line. But there are encouraging signs: Tanzania is one of the most stable countries in sub-Saharan Africa and is making progress in transitioning to a market economy as a result of democratic and social reforms.

The Swiss development programme is coordinated around the national poverty reduction strategy (MKUKUTA) and the government’s “Big Results Now” initiative, which is promoting change in priority sectors such as transport, water, agriculture, energy and the use of domestic resources. 


Accessible, high-quality care

Switzerland is working to improve the availability and quality of health care for communities in remote areas. The emphasis is on strengthening the system for funding health care, decentralising the health system and promoting research projects to define the country's medical priorities.

Fighting malaria

In the fight against malaria, the SDC supports a centre which is implementing a national mosquito-net programme for the Tanzanian government. This has made a significant contribution to reducing the incidence of malaria, which decreased from 18% in 2007 to 10% in 2012.

Health – A prerequisite for development


Transparency and responsibility 

Switzerland promotes dialogue between civil society and the authorities with the aim of fostering a culture of transparency and civic responsibility. Switzerland also aims to strengthen local authorities’ capacities to provide better services, and it supports the government in combating corruption.

The Swiss international cooperation provides financial assistance to independent media, especially rural radio stations, with a view to disseminating high-quality information and enabling people to assert their rights more effectively.

Conflict prevention

Switzerland implements conflict-prevention measures with the aim of strengthening inter-community dialogue, particularly by involving the leaders of religious organisations.

Democratization - Fundamental for effective aid

Fragility and violence impede poverty reduction

Economic development

A sustainable market in agricultural products

Switzerland supports the development of the agricultural sector to create economic opportunities for the rural population, particularly women and young people. Farmers' organisations need to be able to defend their interests vis-a-vis buyers and so improve living conditions.

In one project, the SDC is promoting the economic integration of small producers living close to the poverty line in rural areas of Tanzania. As a result, most farmers active in the value creation chain of sunflowers, rice, cotton and poultry have been able to increase their household incomes by 15% per annum.

More jobs for young people

Switzerland is helping young people to access the labour market by bringing the content of vocational training courses into line with the skills sought by employers.  

State and Economic Reforms

Cross-sector issues

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

In all its projects, Swiss cooperation works to promote equality between men and women, applying a consistent policy to achieve this goal. Another of its central concerns is to prevent HIV/AIDS by raising people's awareness of the issue and calling for non-discrimination.

Gender equality – gender and women's rights

Approach and partners

Switzerland closely coordinates its transition aid with the Tanzanian authorities, other donor countries and international organisations. To achieve its goals, it cooperates in different ways with Swiss and international agencies (contributing to projects, mandates).

  • Swiss NGOs: Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact, Solidarmed
  • Research: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Ifakara Health Institute
  • Government: ministries; regional/local authorities
  • Tanzanian NGOs: Foundation for Civil Society, Tanzanian Forest Conservation Group, Policy Forum, Sikika, Agriculture Non-State Actors Forum (ANSAF), among others
  • International NGOs: Voluntary Service Overseas, Simavi, among others
  • Multilateral organisations: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNESCO
  • Bilateral aid donors: public development agencies (Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland)
  • History of cooperation

    Projects in a single region

    Switzerland has been involved in development cooperation in Tanzania since 1960. Its activities intensified in 1981 when it opened a cooperation office in Dar es Salaam. Its programme is harmonised with Tanzania's poverty reduction strategy and coordinated with the work of other countries and international organisations. Political and technical dialogue with partner agencies takes place at both central and local level. The aim of Swiss cooperation strategy for the period 2015-2018 is to channel aid principally to the projects its supports in the country's central transport corridor (regions around Dodoma).

    Active in Tanzania since 1988, the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) scaled down its activities in 2010. It is now providing support only to certain projects involving water infrastructure and economic development.

Current projects

Object 1 – 12 of 39

Action against HIV/AIDS in Southern African prisons

01.08.2015 - 30.09.2018

Faced with an alarming prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Southern African prisons, the SDC has undertaken to reform the prison healthcare system in Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Help is being provided to the relevant authorities in the implementation of set standards of care. The prison staff are being trained. Funding is also being provided for new infrastructure projects targeted specifically at women and young prisoners.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sexually transmitted diseases incl. HIV/AIDS
Sexual and reproductive health (including mother and child health, family planning)
Communicable diseases
STD control including HIV/AIDS
Reproductive health care
Infectious disease control

01.08.2015 - 30.09.2018

CHF 3'734'300

Plant clinics and plant doctors to reduce crop losses

Farmer at plant clinic in Peru

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017

The Plantwise programme aims to reduce crop losses to improve the food security of poor rural population groups. Decentralised, community-based plant clinics help farmers identify and combat plant pests and diseases in a timely manner. This SDC-supported programme is currently operating in benefiting two million farmers worldwide.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Agriculture and Food Security
Agricultural production (incl. management of natural resources)
Agricultural research and innovation systems
Agricultural development
Agricultural research

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017

CHF 8'750'000

Global Measurement of Diet Quality

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2025

Diets are the number one risk factor in the global burden of disease and multiple forms of malnutrition co-exist with overweight and obesity being the fastest growing form, particularly among poor populations in developing countries. Routinely collected information on Diet Quality is necessary to better understand dietary trends, help to create awareness, and inform policies to improve diets and health outcomes. Therefore, SDC supports an international initiative to develop diet quality measurements.

Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV in prisons

01.10.2018 - 31.07.2024

Prisoners are a high-risk group when it comes to HIV and other communicable diseases. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid so far to address the need for HIV and AIDS and other health services in prisons. The project will improve HIV and health services for prisoners, including young women and men in seven countries of Southern Africa. At regional level, it will address policy issues that are adversely affecting the prison conditions and the rights of prisoners in the context of health and nutrition.

Skills for Employment Tanzania – SET

01.04.2018 - 31.12.2029

This multi-layered program aims at enhancing prospects of gainful youth (self-) employment through a contribution to improved access to agricultural skills, and cross sectorial support to relevance and quality of Vocational Skills Development (VSD) by fostering existing institutions. Focus is placed on the coordination of skills providers and market players and on innovative solutions. The aim is to generate wide impact in order to significantly address the needs in VSD, particularly those of women.

Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2021

The project supports the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States in reducing vulnerability of households to disaster risks by increasing their preparedness for response and recovery and in strengthening their resilience. This will be achieved through institutionalising and sustaining vulnerability assessments and analyses systems that enhance emergency and developmental responses at national and regional levels.

Rural Resilience in Southern Africa / R4 Initiative

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2021

The project builds resilience of smallholder farmer households in three countries in Southern Africa (Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe) by enabling their adaptation to climate risk through a community oriented and market based risk management comprehensive approach. The initiative combines improved resource management (risk reduction), insurance (risk transfer), livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking) and savings (risk reserves). The combined interventions are carefully adapted to each country context.

SCOPE - Sustaining a Culture of Peace

01.03.2017 - 31.12.2025

Increasing tensions based on political, religious, socio-economic and natural resource-based conflicts indicate that Tanzania’s culture of peace needs strengthening. SDC will therefore promote the use of peaceful means to prevent and deal with conflicts. It will support the Government to establish a conflict early warning and response system, and state and non-state actors to increase public space to address conflictual topics, in particular for women and marginalized.

Safeguard Young People (SYP) – Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

01.02.2017 - 31.12.2019

The UNFPA Safeguard Young People programme (SYP) will contribute to the reduction of HIV infections and improved sexual and reproductive health and rights status of young women and men aged 10 to 24 in eight Southern African countries: Zambia, Swaziland, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho. UNFPA will scale up SRHR/HIV prevention models and youth friendly health services (YFHS) in order to equip young people with knowledge, skills and values to protect themselves and capacitate member states to improve the legislative environment to address young people’s health issues.

Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2019

The project promotes seed diversity and agro-ecological practices through an inclusive, evidence-based dialogue with governments at regional and country levels by empowered farmer’s and farmer support organizations ensuring that their experiences are taken into account in the development of policies and programmes in agriculture. This will thus strengthen food security in Southern Africa.

Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2022

The project’s goal is to strengthen food security in Southern Africa by promoting seed diversity and agro-ecological practices through an inclusive, evidence-based dialogue with governments at regional and country levels by empowered farmer’s and farmer support organizations.  

Cultural Programme Tanzania (CPT)

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2019

This programme uses a comprehensive approach to promote local culture and livelihood opportunities for young artists, and for social cohesion. It aims to do so through institutional and specific projects’ support. The programme is in alignment with SDC’s Culture and Development Policy that supports devoting a minimum of 1% of SDC’s operational budget in a country to initiatives in the local artistic and culture sector.

Object 1 – 12 of 39