Switzerland’s performance compared with other countries
The Development Assistance Committee of the OECD regularly publishes the key figures of its member countries in international cooperation. The Official Development Assistance as a percentage of the Gross National Income provides the benchmark upon which the comparison is made.
Update of 16th April 2020
Official development assistance (ODA) from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) totalled USD 152.8 billion in 2019, an increase of 1.4% in real terms. Since 2018, ODA has been calculated on the grant-equivalent basis adopted by the OECD.
Among the 29 DAC member countries, ODA in real terms rose in eighteen countries (including Switzerland) and fell in eleven in 2019. Five countries (Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and the United Kingdom) have reached the United Nations’ ODA as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) target of 0.7%. The cumulative ODA from DAC countries as a share of GNI is 0.30%.
The Swiss ODA/GNI ratio is 0.44%, the same as in 2018. This stability is due to lower than initially estimated asylum-related costs included in ODA reporting and cost-cutting measures in Switzerland's international cooperation credit lines adopted by the Federal Council and Parliament in 2016 and 2017. Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio is below the average of DAC-EU countries (0.47%). Not including these asylum-related costs, Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio was 0.40% in 2019, the same as in 2018.
Switzerland nevertheless still comes 8th in the international ranking comparing the ODA/GNI ratio of all DAC member countries. In absolute terms, the largest donors are the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and France. Switzerland rose from 12th to 11th place in absolute numbers.