Disaster risk reduction, emergency relief, reconstruction and protection
Disaster risk reduction, emergency relief, reconstruction are three fields of activity of the Humanitarian Aid of SDC. This corresponds to the work that needs to be done before, during and after a crisis, armed conflict or disaster.
Prevention refers to all of the measures taken to protect vulnerable people in the event of a disaster. The main goal of emergency relief is to save lives and alleviate the worst suffering caused by a crisis. Two-thirds of the Humanitarian Aid’s funds are earmarked for emergency relief measures. Reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts can begin after an emergency when the situation has stabilised. In situations of protracted conflict, activities in all three fields may be carried out at the same time.
On the other hand, protection of civilians is one of the four thematic priorities of the Humanitarian Aid of SDC beside disaster risk reduction, water/sanitation/hygiene, and gender-based sexual violence.
For over 13 years, devastating conflict has dominated Sudan,
forcing the population to flee the fighting and destroying their
livelihoods in the process. The SDC supports a UN reconstruction
programme in Sudan, which among other things aims to improve the
economic situation of smallholder farmers.
Agriculture and Food Security
The SDC has delivered twelve new ambulances to the Syrian Arab Red
Crescent (SARC). A Swiss delegation accompanied the delivery in the
Syrian capital Damascus. The ambulances are urgently needed in Syria
because the country's health system has too few ambulances to cope
with the enormous number of victims caused by the war, including
attacks against hospitals.
Following the rehabilitation of 28 schools in northern Lebanon in
the first phases of the project, the SDC is expanding its engagement
to 24 other schools in the same region. The rehabilitation works are
being carried out in cooperation with the Lebanese authorities to
help them cope with the large influx of refugee children from Syria.
Formal basic education (primary and lower secondary)
The project is intended to sustainably improve water supplies for the
720,000 inhabitants and their livestock in the Southern Sudanese state
of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. Located near the border with Northern
Sudan, this state is one of the poorest places on the planet. Since
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Northern and Southern
Sudan was signed in 2005, it has become one of the main points of
return for displaced persons from Southern Sudan.
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation
Drinking water and basic sanitation (WASH - Water for people)
The Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. Many Roma
suffer from social exclusion, discrimination, poverty and
unemployment. Social, cultural and economic barriers hinder access
to education and healthcare for members of the Roma community. With
its contribution to the enlarged EU, Switzerland is supporting
projects to improve the living conditions of the Roma in Bulgaria.
The earthquake on 12 January 2010 caused unprecedented damage in
Haiti. In the southwest of the country, one of the worst affected
regions, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) is
providing support to the Ministry of Education in rebuilding schools
in accordance with the appropriate architectural and anti-earthquake
norms. The programme is designed to provide the education community
with model school buildings that are compliant with norms and can be
used anywhere in Haiti.
Formal basic education (primary and lower secondary)
L’UNHAS est le service aérien des Nations Unies qui appuie la mise en
œuvre d’interventions humanitaires ainsi que du développement
économique et social en faveur des populations les plus vulnérables et
marginalisées du Niger. L'UNHAS facilite et sécurise au Niger
l'essentiel des déplacements des agents des programmes respectifs,
leur permettant de rejoindre les régions reculées du pays et leurs
populations rapidement et en toute sécurité.
This project, being a part of the broad HEKS-EHO program, defines
an innovative approach to tackle access to quality education and
improving of housing conditions of Roma. Through the dweller driven
housing model, the project is upgrading the substandard Roma
settlements, providing better living conditions for Roma. By
institutionalisation of Roma teacher‘s assistants in education, it
assists in enrollment and higher attainment of Roma pupils and
skills increase of Roma adults, contributing to a more sustainable
integration of Roma.
The African Risk Capacity is a specialised agency of the African
Union to help African countries improve their capacities to better
respond to extreme weather events such as droughts and floods,
therefore protecting the food security of their populations. It uses
modern finance mechanisms such as risk pooling to create pan-African
climate response systems. SDC co-finances the expansion of this
insurance scheme to new countries, including the development of
contingency plans that will allow insurance pay-outs to countries in
case of drought or floods related catastrophes.
Since 2009, northeast Nigeria has been affected by insecurity as a
result of armed conflict-related violence. The resulting
humanitarian crisis has impacted over 14.8 million people, left 7
million in need of humanitarian assistance and displaced over 1.8
million people. With co-funding from the Swedish International
Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), ACF is complementing this
nutrition intervention with WASH activities that will improve access
to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities and increase
knowledge on hygiene behaviours and sanitation practices.
The two civil wars fought in Area 1 as well as prolonged
marginalization in the education system have deprived local
communities from access to education for decades. In response, Local
Partner 1 (LP1) has worked with Area 1 communities since 1995 and
supported the introduction of a new Kenyan curriculum. Improved
access and quality of education for all in Area 1 is both a basic
human right and a powerful tool to address the cycles of poverty and
conflict affecting the communities.
As of June 2016, the violence of the extremist group Boko-Haram
displaced 2.7 million people, 6% of them having taken refuge in
neighbouring countries. The highly unstable State of Borno hosts 68%
of the total displaced population, 86% of them are residing in host
communities in dire overcrowded conditions. IRC proposes to improve
access on protection, WASH and nutrition services for IDPs,
returnees and host communities in Borno State.