Disaster risk reduction, emergency relief, reconstruction and protection
The SDC's three spheres of humanitarian activity are disaster risk reduction, emergency relief and reconstruction. They correspond to the SDC's work before, during and after a crisis, armed conflict or disaster.
Prevention refers to all of the measures taken to protect vulnerable people in the event of a disaster. The main goal of emergency relief is to save lives and alleviate the worst suffering caused by a crisis. Two-thirds of the SDC's funds for humanitarian aid are allocated to emergency relief measures. Reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts can begin after an emergency when the situation has stabilised.
If a conflict is protracted, the SDC may carry out activities in all three of these spheres at the same time.
For over 13 years, devastating conflict has dominated Sudan,
forcing the population to flee the fighting and destroying their
livelihoods in the process. The SDC supports a UN reconstruction
programme in Sudan, which among other things aims to improve the
economic situation of smallholder farmers.
Agriculture and Food Security
The SDC has delivered twelve new ambulances to the Syrian Arab Red
Crescent (SARC). A Swiss delegation accompanied the delivery in the
Syrian capital Damascus. The ambulances are urgently needed in Syria
because the country's health system has too few ambulances to cope
with the enormous number of victims caused by the war, including
attacks against hospitals.
Following the rehabilitation of 28 schools in northern Lebanon in
the first phases of the project, the SDC is expanding its engagement
to 24 other schools in the same region. The rehabilitation works are
being carried out in cooperation with the Lebanese authorities to
help them cope with the large influx of refugee children from Syria.
Formal basic education (primary and lower secondary)
The project is intended to sustainably improve water supplies for the
720,000 inhabitants and their livestock in the Southern Sudanese state
of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. Located near the border with Northern
Sudan, this state is one of the poorest places on the planet. Since
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Northern and Southern
Sudan was signed in 2005, it has become one of the main points of
return for displaced persons from Southern Sudan.
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation
Drinking water and basic sanitation (WASH - Water for people)
The earthquake on 12 January 2010 caused unprecedented damage in
Haiti. In the southwest of the country, one of the worst affected
regions, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) is
providing support to the Ministry of Education in rebuilding schools
in accordance with the appropriate architectural and anti-earthquake
norms. The programme is designed to provide the education community
with model school buildings that are compliant with norms and can be
used anywhere in Haiti.
Formal basic education (primary and lower secondary)
L’UNHAS est le service aérien des Nations Unies qui appuie la mise en
œuvre d’interventions humanitaires ainsi que du développement
économique et social en faveur des populations les plus vulnérables et
marginalisées du Niger. L'UNHAS facilite et sécurise au Niger
l'essentiel des déplacements des agents des programmes respectifs,
leur permettant de rejoindre les régions reculées du pays et leurs
populations rapidement et en toute sécurité.
The African Risk Capacity is a specialised agency of the African
Union to help African countries improve their capacities to better
respond to extreme weather events such as droughts and floods,
therefore protecting the food security of their populations. It uses
modern finance mechanisms such as risk pooling to create pan-African
climate response systems. SDC co-finances the expansion of this
insurance scheme to new countries, including the development of
contingency plans that will allow insurance pay-outs to countries in
case of drought or floods related catastrophes.
High insecurity in the region has made access to these areas
extremely difficult for humanitarian actors. While Boko Haram lost
territory to security forces easing access to some areas in 2015,
the attacks and counter offensives overall have hampered
humanitarian access due to escalation in violence. Increased
coordination is highly needed to ensure coherent implementation of
humanitarian response activities, with a prominent interest on
Par son appui financier au projet de DRC dans la préfecture de
l’Ouham, la DDC participe à l’amélioration des conditions de
protection des populations civiles dans les zones affectées par les
conflits en RCA, avec une attention particulière sur les enfants et
les femmes. Elle permet également d’étendre et renforcer les
réponses holistiques aux problématiques de protection générées par
les conflits, grâce à une offre de soutien psychosocial et
d’assistances spécialisées au sein des communautés identifiés par le
monitoring de protection.
As of June 2016, the violence of the extremist group Boko-Haram
displaced 2.7 million people, 6% of them having taken refuge in
neighbouring countries. The highly unstable State of Borno hosts 68%
of the total displaced population, 86% of them are residing in host
communities in dire overcrowded conditions. IRC proposes to improve
access on protection, WASH and nutrition services for IDPs,
returnees and host communities in Borno State.
According to DAICMA, Colombia registered 11,390 landmine victims
from 1990 to December 2015 - of which approximately 61 percent are
members of the Colombian Public Forces and 39 percent are civilians.
Moreover and the country is the 2nd country with greatest production
of new victims. There is an urgent need to organize and increase
capacity for demining, improve national coordination and deployment
of expert civilian organizations capable of designing responses for
populations at risk while supporting key government objectives.
Colombia acceded to the Ottawa Treaty in 2000, committing to the
clearance of all mines by 2021 - after an extension was granted in 2010.
The population in targeted areas of North Kivu has been hugely
affected by conflict and a large proportion of the population is
unable to access basic health, nutrition and protection services
when needed. Providing integrated primary health care, nutrition,
and protection services to targeted sites in Kibua Health Zone will
enable Save the Children (SC) to respond effectively to beneficiary
needs using a holistic approach.