SKYE - Skills Development for Youth Employment

Over 43% of the potential working population in Nigeria is either unemployed or underemployed and Edo State’s employment rate recently dropped below the national average. Edo also constitutes an important source of irregular migration as well as the epicenter of human trafficking in the country. Through its contribution to the SKYE program, Switzerland aims to improve the range of active labor market measures by building capacities within the institutions delivering job-matching services and professional training.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Employment & economic development
Vocational training
Employment creation
Vocational training
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)
01.09.2021 - 31.08.2023
CHF  2’900’000

Of the 2.1 million people working or actively seeking work in Edo State, only 13% are working in the wage-employment category. Low demand of skilled workers as well as poor job market information and services lead to important intra- and international migration, creating a brain drain phenomenon and exposing vulnerable people to human trafficking. This program aims to improve socioeconomic perspectives for local youth and returnees by working on:

  • Supply of labor: development and support of a needs-based technical and vocational education and training system.
  • Demand of labor: private sector development to support companies’ potential of employment absorption and growth of businesses.
  • Matching in the labor market: active measures such as career and job information, guidance, placement, short-term qualification etc.
  • Framework conditions of economic and employment policy by supporting the capacities of relevant public institutions.

Switzerland’s extensive experience in the field of vocational training, including in the West Africa region, and its successful domestic model of matching labor supply and demand will be pivotal to guarantee the success of the program’s extension. This program will also offer a strong complementarity to Switzerland’s other programs in Edo state, notably in the fields of vocational training, labor migration, and fight against human trafficking.

Objectives The chances of income-generating employment for Nigerian youths and young adults in the 15-35 age group and returnees are improved in selected economic sectors.
Target groups

General target group: Edo State youths aged between 15 and 35 years.

Specific target groups:

  • People either unemployed, underemployed or in a precarious job.
  • Returning migrants and potential migrants (particularly likely to migrate due to precarious economic situation).

Staff of intermediary organizations: teachers, trainers, instructors, job counsellors, management staff.

Medium-term outcomes
  1. The regulatory and systemic conditions for employment-oriented vocational education and training and labor market integration measures have improved.
  2. The capacity of intermediary organizations for employment-oriented vocational education and training and labor market integration measures is strengthened.
  3. The quality of initial and continuing vocational education and training has improved in selected economic sectors.
  4. Innovative pilot models of vocational education and training are offered in selected sectors.
  5. The range of active labor market measures offered by employment, vocational training and counselling services for integration or reintegration into the labor market has been improved.

Expected results:  

  1. 6 policy recommendations on training and labor market integration have been developed and discussed at federal and state level.
  2. 325 (of which at least 30% women) vocational school teachers, trainers, instructors and career counsellors are trained, including 30 thanks to SDC’s contribution.
  3. 400 trainees (of which at least 30% women) are enrolled in newly-developed or improved training measures in 4 selected sectors.
  4. 25’000 (of which at least 30% women) youths, micro-farmer and returnees have participated in short-term qualification measures.
  5. 8’500 (of which at least 30% women) beneficiaries are placed in internships, short-term training or employment, including 2’500 thanks to SDC’s contribution.
  6. Three rural job centers are established thanks to SDC’s contribution.

Results from previous phases:   Need for improvement and formalization of job matching and counselling services as well as non-formal short-term-qualification measures to yield short-term employment effects and increased employability.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Project partners Contract partner
International or foreign NGO
Foreign state institution
  • National State Institute North
  • Other international or foreign NGO North

Other partners
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Coordination with other projects and actors
  • Edo State Skills Development Agency (“EdoJobs”)
  • Local Government Areas
  • SOS Children’s Village
  • Migrant Resource Center / Federal Ministry of Labor and Employment (FMLE)
  • Benin Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture (BENCCIMA)
  • Nigerian Association of Small Scale Industrialists (NASSI)
  • Edo State Ministry for Wealth Creation
Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    2’900’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    2’882’250