Macedonia del Norte

La ayuda suiza a la transición en Macedonia del Norte se basa en intereses comunes por lograr el desarrollo socioeconómico, la estabilidad, la seguridad y la integración euroatlántica. Desde la independencia de la República de Macedonia del Norte en 1991 se han hecho importantes progresos, pero el país sigue estando atrasado en algunos ámbitos de la reforma, como la descentralización, el Estado de Derecho, el desarrollo económico y los servicios públicos.

Mapa de la Macedonia
Mapa Macedonia del Norte © DFAE

La República de Macedonia del Norte es un Estado multiétnico con una población estimada de alrededor de dos millones de personas. Tras una temprana transición a la economía de mercado, Macedonia del Norte logró un progreso visible en desarrollo económico y social. El país se convirtió rápidamente en uno de los principales candidatos a la integración euroatlántica entre los Estados de los Balcanes Occidentales, pero aún debe implementar reformas para reforzar la gobernanza democrática, promover el desarrollo económico inclusivo y abordar cuestiones medioambientales críticas.

Gobernanza democrática

En el ámbito de la gobernanza democrática, el programa de cooperación suiza en Macedonia del Norte busca desarrollar la capacidad democrática de las instituciones ejecutivas y legislativas y empoderar a la sociedad civil. El apoyo de Suiza está ayudando a las autoridades centrales y locales a ser más responsables, transparentes e inclusivas. Suiza sigue trabajando por fomentar la participación ciudadana en la toma de decisiones a nivel local y regional.

Reformas del Estado y de la economía

Desarrollo económico sostenible

El apoyo de Suiza en el sector económico va dirigido a mejorar las perspectivas de empleo y crear un crecimiento económico sostenible. Ayuda a los demandantes de empleo a acceder al mercado laboral mediante programas de formación y capacitación profesional orientados a las necesidades del mercado. Al mismo tiempo, promueve el desarrollo del sector privado, en particular de las empresas de nueva creación, con el fin de mejorar el acceso a nuevos mercados y a cadenas de valor que generen mayores ingresos.  Suiza también participa activamente en los esfuerzos por mejorar las condiciones de empleo, alentando a los empleadores a ofrecer puestos de trabajo dignos e inclusivos.

Desarrollo del sector privado y servicios financieros

Medio ambiente y servicios públicos sostenibles

Los recursos naturales y la riqueza en biodiversidad del país se consideran un factor importante para su desarrollo. Mediante asistencia técnica e inversión catalizadora en transformación digital y en infraestructura y equipamiento resilientes al clima y con bajas emisiones de carbono, Suiza posibilita a determinados municipios y a sus servicios públicos ofrecer a los ciudadanos servicios públicos de alta calidad, fiables y eficientes.

Unos servicios públicos sostenibles, una mejor gestión de los recursos naturales y una mayor resiliencia de las comunidades frente a los desastres naturales aumentarán el atractivo y la competitividad de las zonas urbanas y rurales, y contribuirán al crecimiento económico sostenido y a la mejora de la calidad de vida.

 El agua, un recurso vital amenazado  

Enfoque y contrapartes

El Programa de Cooperación Suiza 2021-24 es implementado conjuntamente por la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COSUDE) y la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO). La cooperación suiza se fundamenta en acuerdos formales con el gobierno, participa en programas de múltiples donantes y emite contratos a organizaciones de la sociedad civil, consultorías y entidades del sector privado macedonias, suizas e internacionales. Se pone especial empeño en fortalecer los sistemas nacionales y establecer partenariados con nuevos actores del cambio, por ejemplo, mediante el compromiso y la inversión del sector privado.

Las principales contrapartes de Suiza en Macedonia del Norte:

  • Ministerios y gobiernos locales
  • Parlamentos nacionales y locales, administración parlamentaria
  • Organizaciones de la sociedad civil, por ejemplo, los medios de comunicación
  • El sector privado
  • ONG locales e internacionales
  • Donantes y organizaciones bilaterales y multilaterales, p.ej. el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) y ONU Mujeres

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 17

Strengthening regional cooperation on migration in the Western Balkans

01.06.2025 - 31.12.2027

In light of diversifying migration patterns and challenges with increasing regional dimensions, the migration policy priorities of Western Balkan governments are changing and the relevance of regional dialogue, coordination and cooperation is growing. This proposal seeks to promote coherent and effective regional governance of migration in all its multifaceted dimensions contributing to greater social cohesion and regional integration in the Western Balkans.


Empowering Municipal Councils

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2027

Municipal Councils have, according to the legislation, a very important role to play in local governance. However, councillors often lack the necessary knowledge to fulfil their responsibilities. Through the project, capacities of councillors will be enhanced, citizen participation in decision making promoted and legal framework adjusted, enabling councillors to fulfil their role and to become more independent from the executive branch.


Smart Packaging Waste Management

01.11.2021 - 30.04.2024

The prevalent improper management of waste in North Macedonia is a pressing environmental topic and a top priority of the Government. SDC supports North Macedonia by engaging with the non-profit private sector packaging recovery organization Pakomak to enhance the effectiveness, efficiency and transparency of the national packaging waste recovery system through the digitalisation of the primary selection and collection process.


Sustainable and Inclusive Balanced Regional Development

01.10.2021 - 30.09.2025

The level of development among the 8 regions in North Macedonia is highly unequal. This misbalance directly affects the wellbeing of citizens living in less developed areas. SDC supports North Macedonia by working on the country system, to improve the national legal framework for planning, monitoring and evaluation of balanced regional development (BRD) ensuring greater allocation of funds for BRD, hence improving the living conditions for all citizens, especially in the underdeveloped regions.


Intelligence and Security Sector Reform

01.04.2021 - 31.03.2026

At the core of this project is to improve the accountability of the state and enhance the division of the executive, legislative and judiciary powers in line with the democratic governance priorities of the Swiss Cooperation Programme in North Macedonia. It focuses on supporting the intelligence and security sector actors to become more transparent and accountable towards parliament, the judiciary and citizens at large, through new and improved existing legal framework, enhanced policy-making and capacity building.


Increasing Market Employability

01.08.2019 - 31.12.2023

North Macedonia’s economy is characterised by one of the highest unemployment rate in Europe (21%, for youth 46%) and a high share of people in relative poverty (22%). The Increasing Market Employability programme aims to address these issues by creating jobs and increasing income. It contributes to improvement of the quality of products and services, expansion of markets, and creation of an enabling environment in the Sustainable Agribusiness, Adventure Tourism, and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sectors.


Housing solutions for displaced persons

Edificio de apartamentos, en Ovca, Serbia

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2022

As a consequence of the war in the 1990s, over three million people were displaced both within and beyond the borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. Twenty-five years after the Dayton Accords, the Western Balkans are still host to almost half a million vulnerable persons displaced by conflict in the former Yugoslavia. The Regional Housing Programme (RHP) aims to provide durable housing solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons in need.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Balcanes occidentales
Migración
Desplazamiento forzado (refugiados, PDI, trata humana)

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2022


CHF  1’555’000



Civil Society Support Facility – up scaling

01.01.2019 - 31.03.2023

The Civil Society Support Facility supports civil society organisations (CSOs) to become drivers of social change in Macedonia. CSOs will receive mentoring support to strengthen relations with their constituencies and build up alliances. Mechanisms for better cooperation between state institutions and CSOs will be established and will enable civil society’s active participation in public policy and decision-making. A competitive grant scheme supports CSOs institutional development as well as specific projects.


Towards Transparent, Inclusive and Accountable Governance in the Republic of Macedonia

15.07.2018 - 31.03.2023

The project aims at increasing gender equality in Macedonia and the quality of life for women and vulnerable groups by 1) systematically integrating a gender perspective in public policies and budgets which leads to the allocation of more funds for greater gender equality in strategies and policies; 2) empowering women and vulnerable groups to advocate for their needs in municipal planning and budgeting; and 3) supporting CSOs and Members of Parliament in overseeing the implementation of gender responsive policies and initiatives.


Parliament Support Programme (PSP)

01.11.2017 - 31.08.2023

Switzerland supports the Assembly of North Macedonia to become an effective, transparent and independent institution by supporting the Parliament’s institutional development, its oversight and legislative capacities and its transparency and accountability towards citizens, including marginalized groups. This includes changes to the regulatory framework, the promotion of a political culture of consensus building, capacity building for MPs, parliament staff and CSOs and improved electronic architecture for effective and transparent communication.


Creating Job Opportunities for All in Macedonia

01.07.2017 - 31.10.2022

This project will facilitate employment for vulnerable groups, by introducing appropriate active labour market measures, improving the capacities of responsible stakeholders to coordinate employment measures, and sensitizing and incentivising the private sector. lt contributes to ease the risk of vulnerable groups to fall into poverty, and enhances their social inclusion. Roma and people with disabilities are the main target group as they are disproportionally affected by high unemployment in Macedonia.


Vocational Skills Development in Macedonia

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2022

Macedonia has one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe (25%), especially among youth (48%). One of the key factors for youth unemployment is that the education and training system does not provide skills needed by the economy. The Vocational Skills Development project aims to address youth unemployment through supporting market relevant skills development by strengthening the engagement of the private sector (e.g. through systematised internships), thus increasing the employability of vocational training graduates.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 17