La fragilidad y la violencia obstaculizan la lucha contra la pobreza

A nivel mundial, aproximadamente 1500 millones de personas viven en países en que la violencia es el pan de cada día. © Laif/Redux-Stephen Ferry (Honduras, 2009)

La fragilidad, los conflictos, la violencia y las violaciones de los derechos humanos constituyen los mayores desafíos en la lucha contra la pobreza. La fragilidad en el interior de un Estado se caracteriza por la incapacidad del gobierno para garantizar la seguridad y los servicios públicos básicos. Asimismo, falta una relación constructiva y mutua entre el gobierno y la población.

A nivel mundial, se considera que existen más de 40 estados frágiles o afectados por la violencia y los conflictos. En dichos países, viven alrededor de 1.5 millardos de personas que se cuentan entre los más pobres del mundo. A través de su trabajo, la COSUDE contribuye a la reducción de las causas de los conflictos, a la mejoría de los servicios públicos básicos y al respeto de los derechos humanos.

La mayoría de los países clasificados como frágiles aún no ha logrado hasta la fecha ninguno de los ocho Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Los ODM están destinados especialmente a reducir la pobreza a la mitad hasta 2015. La población de estos países sufre conflictos violentos, incertidumbres políticas y una mala gobernanza.

Compromiso en contextos frágiles y prevención de conflictos violentos

Suiza ha aumentado sustancialmente su apoyo a las regiones frágiles y afectadas por conflictos para los años 2013–2016.

Trabajo de la COSUDE en contextos frágiles

Los diez principios de la OCDE constituyen la base de los compromisos de la COSUDE. Los objetivos incluyen la reducción de las causas de los conflictos, el incremento de la resistencia ante las crisis y la mejora de la situación de los derechos humanos.

Secuelas

Con frecuencia sólo estallan cuando el conflicto ya acabó hace mucho tiempo. Casi siempre golpean a los civiles y un cuarto de las víctimas son niños. Una vez que la mina está en el suelo, resulta extremadamente difícil, costoso y peligroso neutralizar sus efectos.

Características de los contextos frágiles

Los países o regiones frágiles se caracterizan por instituciones débiles e inestables, la pobreza, la violencia, la corrupción y la arbitrariedad política.

Prevención de conflictos violentos

El objetivo de la prevención de conflictos violentos es impedir el resurgimiento de conflictos anteriores y el brote de nuevos focos de violencia.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 46

Reforma del Estado en Somalia

01.08.2013 - 31.12.2017

La COSUDE apoya un proyecto de descentralización en Somalia. Su objetivo: promover la paz y el desarrollo consolidando las capacidades de los ayuntamientos para responder a las necesidades de sus habitantes. El proyecto muestra resultados alentadores.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Somalia
Prevención y transformación de conflictos
Descentralización - gobernanza local - democratización (incl. rendición de cuentas)
Gestión del gasto público (incluidas las medidas contra la corrupción)
Actividades civiles de construcción de la paz y de resolución de conflictos
GOBIERNO Y SOCIEDAD CIVIL
GOBIERNO Y SOCIEDAD CIVIL
GOBIERNO Y SOCIEDAD CIVIL
Descentralización / gobernanza local / democratización / rendición de cuentas
Gestión financiera sector público
Construcción de la paz y prevención y solución de conflictos

01.08.2013 - 31.12.2017


CHF 9'000'000



Inclusive territorial economic development in the Muskitia region

01.04.2021 - 31.12.2028

The Muskitia indigenous region requires strategic changes that favour inclusive economic development and reduce violent conflict over land use and maritime resources. For this reason the program strengthens territorial governance, improves the business climate and increases access to services. This includes supporting 8 of the 12 territorial councils in stimulating productive sector value chains such as cocoa, fish, and basic grains that generate employment and income for 10,000 families and consolidate indigenous businesses.


Strengthening of civil-political-economic rights and social auditing.

01.05.2020 - 30.06.2027

Strengthening civil-political-economic rights, freedom of expression and social auditing is a priority to ensure the functioning of the rule of law and respect for human rights in Honduras. The role of civil society is essential in the construction of citizenship and to ensure a system of check and balance. Therefore, the program will support 6 to 8 national civil society organization with strong anchoring in the territories to promote jointly in a concerted, impartial and evidence based way these topics.


Support to Local Governance Programme (LoGo)

01.05.2017 - 31.12.2019

The programme will reduce the potential for conflict in the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) by improving the relationship and trust between the people and the State; as part of the ongoing decentralization reform, the programme will strengthen the basis for accountable and participatory local government processes leading to more efficiency of local governments and public services responding to all citizens’ needs, including those of the most vulnerable.


Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Jointly with the Swedish Embassy, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes region, a program run by Interpeace with 6 local NGOs. This second phase will continue using research and dialogue to address stereotypes and lack of trust behind recurrent conflicts in the Great Lakes region. Research and dialogue constitute the basis to engage decision makers, to promote good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions taking into account local populations’ concerns and recommendations.


Diakonia International Humanitarian Law Resource Center (IHLRC) “Closing the Compliance Gap”

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss contribution supports Diakonia’s International Humanitarian Law Resource Centre (IHLRC) to respond to the demand for accurate and principled legal analysis on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law in the oPt, and to make it accessible to States and relevant organizations to ensure that their policies and international aid are not in contradiction with international law. This intervention is in line with the Swiss Foreign Policy in the Region and SDC Cooperation Strategy 2015-2018 that aims to promote respect for International Law, to ensure protection by all duty-bearers of the rights of the Palestinian population.


Contribution to UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2021

Switzerland is renewing its contribution to the system-wide United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (UNTF). As the only global multilateral grant-making mechanism exclusively devoted to supporting local and national efforts to ending violence against women and girls (EVAW/G), including in fragile and conflict contexts, the UNTF has the advantage to possess a global overview of the legal provisions and practices, methods of prevention and types of support services needed. Dissemination of good practice will be strengthened to inform policy and programming.


Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census 2017

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2018

SDC will support the realisation of the third Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census in 2017 through a targeted contribution to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). This project is co-financed by the Palestinian Authority and by a range of donors which acknowledge thereby the need to conduct a national census on a regular basis (every ten years) to produce reliable development data and statistics that support the design and implementation of effective policies conducive to reaching the goals of Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals). Such data are even more important in fragile contexts, such as the oPt.


Access to Justice in Tajikistan

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2020

Through this project, Switzerland will accompany the Government in realizing a state system providing free legal aid, which will allow the vulnerable (poor) individuals in Tajikistan to better protect their rights and in particular to claim various benefits (e.g. pensions, child allowances). This system will replace the current NGO provided legal aid services. A space for dialogue between civil society and state authorities will also be preserved and will contribute to addressing further legal challenges faced by the population.


Prevention of Domestic Violence in Tajikistan

01.10.2016 - 30.09.2019

Domestic violence is widespread in Tajik society (70% of women experience domestic violence in their life). Despite the adoption of the law on domestic violence in 2013, the Government lacks coordinated mechanisms for its implementation. In the exit phase the project will shift from NGO based service provision towards supporting the state coordination mechanisms, the establishment of an effective public referral system providing services to the victims, and public awareness activities with a focus on contributing to behavioural changes.


United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2018

The conflict in the eastern part of the country has aggravated the human rights situation in Ukraine which requires a comprehensive international monitoring and engagement with relevant actors. The United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission is well placed to help identifying human rights gaps and concerns in Ukraine, and to formulate specific recommendations for shaping policies and assistance programs.


Renforcement d’IDEA phase Unique (RIDEAU)

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2018

Le programme d’IDEA en Haïti vise le renforcement des institutions (p. ex. Parlement) et des acteurs politiques (p. ex. partis), piliers institutionnels de  l’état de droit. Ce faisant IDEA contribue à bâtir une gouvernance nationale respectueuse de la participation citoyenne et paritaire entre les femmes et les hommes. La DDC apporte une contribution générale à IDEA avec un suivi particulier sur la participation politiques des femmes et sur les pratiques de reddition des comptes. 

Objeto 1 – 12 de 46