La fragilidad y la violencia obstaculizan la lucha contra la pobreza

A nivel mundial, aproximadamente 1500 millones de personas viven en países en que la violencia es el pan de cada día. © Laif/Redux-Stephen Ferry (Honduras, 2009)

La fragilidad, los conflictos, la violencia y las violaciones de los derechos humanos constituyen los mayores desafíos en la lucha contra la pobreza. La fragilidad en el interior de un Estado se caracteriza por la incapacidad del gobierno para garantizar la seguridad y los servicios públicos básicos. Asimismo, falta una relación constructiva y mutua entre el gobierno y la población.

A nivel mundial, se considera que existen más de 40 estados frágiles o afectados por la violencia y los conflictos. En dichos países, viven alrededor de 1.5 millardos de personas que se cuentan entre los más pobres del mundo. A través de su trabajo, la COSUDE contribuye a la reducción de las causas de los conflictos, a la mejoría de los servicios públicos básicos y al respeto de los derechos humanos.

La mayoría de los países clasificados como frágiles aún no ha logrado hasta la fecha ninguno de los ocho Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Los ODM están destinados especialmente a reducir la pobreza a la mitad hasta 2015. La población de estos países sufre conflictos violentos, incertidumbres políticas y una mala gobernanza.

Compromiso en contextos frágiles y prevención de conflictos violentos

Suiza ha aumentado sustancialmente su apoyo a las regiones frágiles y afectadas por conflictos para los años 2013–2016.

Trabajo de la COSUDE en contextos frágiles

Los diez principios de la OCDE constituyen la base de los compromisos de la COSUDE. Los objetivos incluyen la reducción de las causas de los conflictos, el incremento de la resistencia ante las crisis y la mejora de la situación de los derechos humanos.

Secuelas

Con frecuencia sólo estallan cuando el conflicto ya acabó hace mucho tiempo. Casi siempre golpean a los civiles y un cuarto de las víctimas son niños. Una vez que la mina está en el suelo, resulta extremadamente difícil, costoso y peligroso neutralizar sus efectos.

Características de los contextos frágiles

Los países o regiones frágiles se caracterizan por instituciones débiles e inestables, la pobreza, la violencia, la corrupción y la arbitrariedad política.

Prevención de conflictos violentos

El objetivo de la prevención de conflictos violentos es impedir el resurgimiento de conflictos anteriores y el brote de nuevos focos de violencia.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 36

Strengthening of civil-political-economic rights and social auditing.

01.05.2020 - 30.06.2027

Strengthening civil-political-economic rights, freedom of expression and social auditing is a priority to ensure the functioning of the rule of law and respect for human rights in Honduras. The role of civil society is essential in the construction of citizenship and to ensure a system of check and balance. Therefore, the program will support 6 to 8 national civil society organization with strong anchoring in the territories to promote jointly in a concerted, impartial and evidence based way these topics.


ProJoven: Vocational training for young people at risk of exclusion

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

En la fase II, ProJoven contribuye a la inserción laboral de aproximamiento 6’000 jóvenes en riesgo del Distrito Central, de la región Golfo de Fonseca y Mosquitia/Atlántida. Esto significa un mínimo de 80% de los 7’500 jóvenes formados con un sistema de formación profesional-inserción laboral de calidad y acorde a la demanda del mercado, que alcanza sectores productivos, servicios y turismo. Además, el sistema formación-inserción laboral incorpora un enfoque psicosocial para la sostenibilidad de los resultados.


Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Jointly with the Swedish Embassy, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes region, a program run by Interpeace with 6 local NGOs. This second phase will continue using research and dialogue to address stereotypes and lack of trust behind recurrent conflicts in the Great Lakes region. Research and dialogue constitute the basis to engage decision makers, to promote good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions taking into account local populations’ concerns and recommendations.


Diakonia International Humanitarian Law Resource Center (IHLRC) “Closing the Compliance Gap”

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss contribution supports Diakonia’s International Humanitarian Law Resource Centre (IHLRC) to respond to the demand for accurate and principled legal analysis on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law in the oPt, and to make it accessible to States and relevant organizations to ensure that their policies and international aid are not in contradiction with international law. This intervention is in line with the Swiss Foreign Policy in the Region and SDC Cooperation Strategy 2015-2018 that aims to promote respect for International Law, to ensure protection by all duty-bearers of the rights of the Palestinian population.


Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census 2017

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2018

SDC will support the realisation of the third Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census in 2017 through a targeted contribution to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). This project is co-financed by the Palestinian Authority and by a range of donors which acknowledge thereby the need to conduct a national census on a regular basis (every ten years) to produce reliable development data and statistics that support the design and implementation of effective policies conducive to reaching the goals of Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals). Such data are even more important in fragile contexts, such as the oPt.


Contribution to UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2021

Switzerland is renewing its contribution to the system-wide United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (UNTF). As the only global multilateral grant-making mechanism exclusively devoted to supporting local and national efforts to ending violence against women and girls (EVAW/G), including in fragile and conflict contexts, the UNTF has the advantage to possess a global overview of the legal provisions and practices, methods of prevention and types of support services needed. Dissemination of good practice will be strengthened to inform policy and programming.


Access to Justice in Tajikistan

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2020

Through this project, Switzerland will accompany the Government in realizing a state system providing free legal aid, which will allow the vulnerable (poor) individuals in Tajikistan to better protect their rights and in particular to claim various benefits (e.g. pensions, child allowances). This system will replace the current NGO provided legal aid services. A space for dialogue between civil society and state authorities will also be preserved and will contribute to addressing further legal challenges faced by the population.


Safeguarding children’s rights in East Jerusalem

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

By supporting a comprehensive child protection programme in occupied East Jerusalem, Switzerland aims to ensure that vulnerable children at risk of being in conflict with the law or directly affected by the conflict, together with their families, have access to appropriate preventive and protection programmes. The intervention, implemented by UNICEF and its partners, is in line with Switzerland's engagement for the respect of human rights and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territory.


TUR CONCERN Capacity Strengthening of local NGOs for Effective Refugee Response in Turkey

01.12.2016 - 31.01.2018

Civil Society (CS) in Turkey only recently has developed a humanitarian focus. INGOs, donors and the UN rely on a few natinal NGOs to compleent the governmental refugee respone, which is increasingly strained as the Sate is undergoing a severe crisis. Humanitarian CS initiatives have also emerged at local and provincial level, but there institutional and operational capacities are still weak. This project will stregthen the capacities of 10 local NGOs to conduct refugee assistance. 


Prevention of Domestic Violence in Tajikistan

01.10.2016 - 30.09.2019

Domestic violence is widespread in Tajik society (70% of women experience domestic violence in their life). Despite the adoption of the law on domestic violence in 2013, the Government lacks coordinated mechanisms for its implementation. In the exit phase the project will shift from NGO based service provision towards supporting the state coordination mechanisms, the establishment of an effective public referral system providing services to the victims, and public awareness activities with a focus on contributing to behavioural changes.


United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2018

The conflict in the eastern part of the country has aggravated the human rights situation in Ukraine which requires a comprehensive international monitoring and engagement with relevant actors. The United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission is well placed to help identifying human rights gaps and concerns in Ukraine, and to formulate specific recommendations for shaping policies and assistance programs.


Renforcement d’IDEA phase Unique (RIDEAU)

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2018

Le programme d’IDEA en Haïti vise le renforcement des institutions (p. ex. Parlement) et des acteurs politiques (p. ex. partis), piliers institutionnels de  l’état de droit. Ce faisant IDEA contribue à bâtir une gouvernance nationale respectueuse de la participation citoyenne et paritaire entre les femmes et les hommes. La DDC apporte une contribution générale à IDEA avec un suivi particulier sur la participation politiques des femmes et sur les pratiques de reddition des comptes. 

Objeto 1 – 12 de 36