Colombie

Les priorités thématiques de la DDC en Colombie portent sur la fourniture de services de base, ainsi que la protection des victimes du conflit. L’accès à l’eau, sa gestion et l’assainissement représentent les autres axes d’engagement de la DDC dans ce pays.

Carte de la Colombie
© DFAE

En 2012, le gouvernement a annoncé le lancement de négociation en vue de mettre fin au conflit avec la guérilla des Forces Armées Révolutionnaires de Colombie (FARC). Ce processus a conduit à l’adoption d’initiatives législatives comme la loi de restitution des terres des victimes du conflit. Ces négociations ont reçu un écho positif au niveau national et international, mais des milieux s’y opposent et la violence organisée reste un thème d’actualité dans le pays. Les activités de la DDC reposent principalement sur la situation humanitaire préoccupante des victimes du conflit. La stratégie générale vise à contribuer aux processus pour surmonter le conflit armé et appuyer le processus de réconciliation. Elle s’appuie sur diverses modalités de coopération, telles que partenariat bilatéral et multilatéral, ainsi que des actions directes.

Aide humanitaire

Services de base en faveur de la population victime du conflit

L’aide humanitaire d’urgence couvre les besoins élémentaires des populations affectées par le conflit. Elle porte notamment sur l’accès à l’eau potable, la sécurité alimentaire et les soins de base. Les moyens de subsistance des populations vulnérables sont ainsi assurés, tout comme le renforcement de leurs capacités institutionnelles et organisationnelles, pour leur permettre de participer aux processus de réconciliation. La DDC est particulièrement active au niveau rural.

Aide humanitaire

Gouvernance foncière

Protection des victimes du conflit: processus de restitution des terres

Adopté en 2011, la loi relative aux victimes et à la restitution des terres contient plusieurs mécanismes de protection, en faveur de la population civile. Ces mécanismes s’inspirent de l’approche «Ne pas nuire» qui veille à ce que l’aide octroyée ne constitue pas une source de conflit supplémentaire entre les parties. Concrètement, cette approche s’articule autour de trois axes:

  • le renforcement institutionnel
  • le développement des capacités individuelles
  • la gestion du savoir

Le Ministère de l’agriculture est chargé de l’application de la loi selon cette approche, avec l’expertise de l’Université nationale de Colombie et l’organisation américaine «CDA-Collaborative Learning Projects».

Engagement dans des contextes fragiles et prévention de conflits

Eau

Garantir l’accès à l’eau pour les populations vulnérables, améliorer l’assainissement et la gestion de l’eau

La population, particulièrement dans les régions rurales, a droit à un accès durable à l’eau. L’assainissement doit également pouvoir être garanti. Dans le cadre d’un partenariat public-privé, des entreprises suisses et colombiennes ont effectué des recherches sur la consommation en eau des ménages. Les conclusions de ces études ont permis d’initier un projet-pilote pour promouvoir une meilleure gestion de l’eau. Les connaissances acquises dans la mise en œuvre du projet-pilote ont permis de lancer, en 2012, une seconde phase avec sept grandes entreprises colombiennes. Le projet est coordonné par le Centre national pour une production plus propre (CNPP).

Eau

Histoire de la coopération

De l’aide humanitaire à l’appui à la transition

En 2001, la DDC a ouvert un bureau à Bogota avec un programme humanitaire pour améliorer les conditions de vie des victimes du conflit armé. Depuis 2009, la Colombie est un pays prioritaire de la DDC.

Projets actuels

Objet 1 – 12 de 20

Colombia Information Management and Analysis Unit (CIMAU)

18.05.2016 - 31.05.2018

Colombia has been suffering from a protracted armed conflict, which affected the living conditions of over 7.5 million people. Colombia has a historic opportunity to achieve a peace agreement with the FARC-EP guerrilla in 2016, entering into a transition period out of conflict into local peace and statebuilding. In this post-conflict context, a data management system, taking into account not only humanitarian, but also peacebuilding and development needs is crucial to contribute to a more strategic decision making and better alignment and harmonization.


SuizAgua América Latina - El Agua nos Une

Fabricato - usine de traitement et de réutilisation de l'eau industrielle

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Water management being one of the main challenges of the 21st century, the generation of knowledge to make decisions and collaboration between different sectors; are the axis of the present and future well-being of humanity. The initiative “El Agua Nos Une” articulates the work of public institutions, business associations and research organisations. It aims at: i) scaling corporate water stewardship in Colombia; ii) strengthening knowledge on water uses, particularly in the agricultural sector; iii) contributing to the national water quality and quantity monitoring program; iv) developing an investment scheme in ecosystem services; and; v) facilitating a community of practice on water footprint and corporate water management in Latin America


Handicap International: Comprehensive action against Antipersonnel Mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) in three departments of Colombia.

01.08.2015 - 31.05.2017

The five decades running armed conflict in Colombia continues to cause humanitarian needs such as internal displacement, landmine contamination and the recruitment of minors by armed groups. Departments of Nariño, Cauca and Cordoba, by geography serve as strategic corridor to the Pacific and Caribe for the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, weapons and illegal mining among others, becoming scenario of social conflicts and armed confrontation. Rural communities in those departments are among the most affected by antipersonnel mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) which generate victims with poor access to physical and psychosocial services, as well as option for social, economic and educational inclusion.


The SABA Water and Sanitation Experience: Boosting Impact at Global Scale (SABA+)

01.12.2014 - 31.07.2018

Many countries transitioning to a higher economic status still struggle on the water and sanitation component. In countries where water supply or sanitation have been installed, aggregate outcomes tend to mask that the quality of services is poor, that inequalities are increasing and improvements in access do often not reach those groups who suffer most. Thus, new models of intervention and financing strategies are required for such countries.. Through this new initiative, and by finalizing a unique scaling-up process in Peru and replicating it in post-conflict areas of Colombia, SDC will also enrich the global debate on the fulfillment of the SDGs and the gradual exercise of the human right to water with a new model of intervention and a new financing strategy.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Phase II

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2021

SECO is partnerning with the World Bank to implement the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Program to support primarily SECO priority countries in building their financial resilience to natural disasters. Countries receive technical assistance helping them in their advance planning of financing needs in the case of natural disasters.


Integral Development of Urban Water and Sanitation Utilities in Colombia

01.11.2016 - 31.12.2021

Urban water and sanitation utilities in Colombia face problems regarding service quality and financial sustainability. The Program will support 10 utilities in assessing their performance through a standardized tool, and on this basis, formulate and implement measures to improve their performance and reach a better service quality.


Sustainable Cities in Colombia and Peru

01.10.2016 - 31.12.2020

The private sector can be a source of urban infrastructure financing to close the growing infrastructure gap in Latin America. The IFC LAC Sustainable Cities Program will provide advisory services to support selected cities in attracting the private sector to develop a pool of implementable and bankable high impact infrastructure projects.


Corporate Sustainability and Reporting for Competitive Business - CSRCB Phase II

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2020

Phase II of the 'Corporate Sustainability and Reporting for Competitive Business' Programme (CSRCB) aims at promoting the integration of SMEs into global value chains by improving their sustainability reporting and performance. The programme is implemented by the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and targets six developing countries.


Green Building EDGE standard Program

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Buildings consume a large share of energy and water resources and are responsible for up to 20% of global CO2 emissions. This program, implemented by the IFC, aims at supporting the construction sector in several SECO priority countries to design greener buildings. By reducing energy and water use of buildings, operational costs for house owners will decrease.


Colombia + Competitiva Program and IDB Colombia Sostenible Facility

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2020

SECO aims at supporting the Colombian government in its agenda to a) strengthen the competitiveness of its economy, which is crucial for the OECD accession and b) create economic perspectives and support sustainable agricultural practices, which contribute to lasting peace.


Financial Infrastructure Programme

09.10.2015 - 31.12.2020

The Global Financial Infrastructure Programme (hereafter, the programme) will support the development and creation of well-functioning financial markets in SECO’s priority countries. With a specific focus on credit reporting and secured transaction, the programme will facilitate financial inclusion and foster responsible access to finance. It will be implemented by the the International Finance Corporation (IFC).

Objet 1 – 12 de 20