La violence et la fragilité font obstacle à la lutte contre la pauvreté

Supporters du président destitué Jose Manuel Zelaya sous les coups de feu de l'armée hondurienne en 2009
Près d’1,5 milliard de personnes vivent dans des pays où la violence fait partie du quotidien. © Laif/Redux-Stephen Ferry (Honduras, 2009)

Les conflits, la violence, les violations des droits de l’homme et la fragilité comptent parmi les principaux défis en matière de lutte contre la pauvreté. La fragilité d’un Etat se caractérise par l’incapacité du gouvernement de garantir la sécurité des citoyens et d’assurer les services publics de base ainsi que par l’absence d’une relation constructive entre celui-ci et la population.

Plus de 40 pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent environ 1,5 milliard de personnes, sont considérés comme étant fragiles ou touchés par la violence ou un conflit. Ils comptent parmi les plus pauvres du monde. Le travail de la DDC contribue à traiter les causes des conflits, à améliorer les services publics de base et à renforcer le respect des droits de l’homme.

A ce jour, la majorité des pays jugés fragiles n’a atteint aucun des Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD). Ces objectifs visent notamment à réduire de moitié la pauvreté d’ici 2015. La population de ces pays souffre des conflits violents, de l’incertitude politique et de la faiblesse de la gouvernance.

Action menée dans les contextes fragiles

La Suisse a considérablement accru son soutien aux régions fragiles et touchées par des conflits pour la période 2013-2016.

Le travail de la DDC dans les contextes fragiles

"La DDC, dont l’engagement se fonde sur les dix principes de l’OCDE, s’efforce notamment de lutter contre les causes des conflits, d’augmenter la capacité de résistance aux crises et d’améliorer la situation des droits de l’homme. "

Séquelles

Elles frappent souvent longtemps après la fin d’un conflit et ce sont presque toujours des civils qui en sont les victimes, un quart d’entre elles étant des enfants. Une fois posée dans le sol, il est très difficile, cher et dangereux de les désamorcer.

Caractéristiques des contextes fragiles

Les Etats et les régions fragiles se caractérisent par des institutions faibles ou instables, par un taux de pauvreté élevé et par la violence, la corruption et l’arbitraire qui y règnent.

Prévention des conflits violents

La prévention des conflits violents a pour but d’éviter tout nouvel embrasement et d’empêcher la création de nouveaux foyers de violence.

Projects actuels

Objet 1 – 12 de 38

Inclusive territorial economic development in the Muskitia region

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2028

The Muskitia indigenous region requires strategic changes that favour inclusive economic development and reduce violent conflict over land use and maritime resources. For this reason the program strengthens territorial governance, improves the business climate and increases access to services. This includes supporting 8 of the 12 territorial councils in stimulating productive sector value chains such as cocoa, fish, and basic grains that generate employment and income for 10,000 families and consolidate indigenous businesses.


Strengthening of civil-political-economic rights and social auditing.

01.05.2020 - 30.06.2027

Strengthening civil-political-economic rights, freedom of expression and social auditing is a priority to ensure the functioning of the rule of law and respect for human rights in Honduras. The role of civil society is essential in the construction of citizenship and to ensure a system of check and balance. Therefore, the program will support 6 to 8 national civil society organization with strong anchoring in the territories to promote jointly in a concerted, impartial and evidence based way these topics.


ProJoven: Vocational training for young people at risk of exclusion

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

En la fase II, ProJoven contribuye a la inserción laboral de aproximamiento 6’000 jóvenes en riesgo del Distrito Central, de la región Golfo de Fonseca y Mosquitia/Atlántida. Esto significa un mínimo de 80% de los 7’500 jóvenes formados con un sistema de formación profesional-inserción laboral de calidad y acorde a la demanda del mercado, que alcanza sectores productivos, servicios y turismo. Además, el sistema formación-inserción laboral incorpora un enfoque psicosocial para la sostenibilidad de los resultados.


Support to Local Governance Programme (LoGo)

01.05.2017 - 31.12.2019

The programme will reduce the potential for conflict in the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) by improving the relationship and trust between the people and the State; as part of the ongoing decentralization reform, the programme will strengthen the basis for accountable and participatory local government processes leading to more efficiency of local governments and public services responding to all citizens’ needs, including those of the most vulnerable.


Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Jointly with the Swedish Embassy, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes region, a program run by Interpeace with 6 local NGOs. This second phase will continue using research and dialogue to address stereotypes and lack of trust behind recurrent conflicts in the Great Lakes region. Research and dialogue constitute the basis to engage decision makers, to promote good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions taking into account local populations’ concerns and recommendations.


Diakonia International Humanitarian Law Resource Center (IHLRC) “Closing the Compliance Gap”

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss contribution supports Diakonia’s International Humanitarian Law Resource Centre (IHLRC) to respond to the demand for accurate and principled legal analysis on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law in the oPt, and to make it accessible to States and relevant organizations to ensure that their policies and international aid are not in contradiction with international law. This intervention is in line with the Swiss Foreign Policy in the Region and SDC Cooperation Strategy 2015-2018 that aims to promote respect for International Law, to ensure protection by all duty-bearers of the rights of the Palestinian population.


Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census 2017

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2018

SDC will support the realisation of the third Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census in 2017 through a targeted contribution to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). This project is co-financed by the Palestinian Authority and by a range of donors which acknowledge thereby the need to conduct a national census on a regular basis (every ten years) to produce reliable development data and statistics that support the design and implementation of effective policies conducive to reaching the goals of Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals). Such data are even more important in fragile contexts, such as the oPt.


Contribution to UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2021

Switzerland is renewing its contribution to the system-wide United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (UNTF). As the only global multilateral grant-making mechanism exclusively devoted to supporting local and national efforts to ending violence against women and girls (EVAW/G), including in fragile and conflict contexts, the UNTF has the advantage to possess a global overview of the legal provisions and practices, methods of prevention and types of support services needed. Dissemination of good practice will be strengthened to inform policy and programming.


Access to Justice in Tajikistan

A lawyer sits at her desk and discusses with a woman.

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2020

Through this project, Switzerland will accompany the Government in realizing a state system providing free legal aid, which will allow the vulnerable (poor) individuals in Tajikistan to better protect their rights and in particular to claim various benefits (e.g. pensions, child allowances). This system will replace the current NGO provided legal aid services. A space for dialogue between civil society and state authorities will also be preserved and will contribute to addressing further legal challenges faced by the population.


Safeguarding children’s rights in East Jerusalem

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

By supporting a comprehensive child protection programme in occupied East Jerusalem, Switzerland aims to ensure that vulnerable children at risk of being in conflict with the law or directly affected by the conflict, together with their families, have access to appropriate preventive and protection programmes. The intervention, implemented by UNICEF and its partners, is in line with Switzerland's engagement for the respect of human rights and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territory.


TUR CONCERN Capacity Strengthening of local NGOs for Effective Refugee Response in Turkey

01.12.2016 - 31.01.2018

Civil Society (CS) in Turkey only recently has developed a humanitarian focus. INGOs, donors and the UN rely on a few natinal NGOs to compleent the governmental refugee respone, which is increasingly strained as the Sate is undergoing a severe crisis. Humanitarian CS initiatives have also emerged at local and provincial level, but there institutional and operational capacities are still weak. This project will stregthen the capacities of 10 local NGOs to conduct refugee assistance. 


Prevention of Domestic Violence in Tajikistan

01.10.2016 - 30.09.2019

Domestic violence is widespread in Tajik society (70% of women experience domestic violence in their life). Despite the adoption of the law on domestic violence in 2013, the Government lacks coordinated mechanisms for its implementation. In the exit phase the project will shift from NGO based service provision towards supporting the state coordination mechanisms, the establishment of an effective public referral system providing services to the victims, and public awareness activities with a focus on contributing to behavioural changes.

Objet 1 – 12 de 38