Colombia

Le priorità tematiche della DSC in Colombia vertono sulla fornitura di servizi di base, sulla protezione delle vittime del conflitto, ma anche sull'accesso all'acqua, alla gestione e al risanamento idrico.

Cartina della Colombia
© DFAE

Nel 2012, il Governo colombiano ha annunciato l'avvio di negoziati per mettere fine al conflitto con i guerriglieri delle Forze armate rivoluzionarie di Colombia (FARC). Il processo ha dato adito all'adozione d’iniziative legislative come la legge per la restituzione delle terre alle vittime del conflitto. I negoziati hanno suscitato un'eco positiva a livello nazionale e internazionale, ma vi sono ambienti che ancora vi si oppongono e la violenza organizzata rimane un tema d'attualità nel Paese. Le attività della DSC si concentrano principalmente sulla preoccupante situazione umanitaria delle vittime del conflitto. La sua strategia generale mira ad accompagnare i processi per superare il conflitto armato e sostenere la riconciliazione. Si fonda su varie modalità di cooperazione, come il partenariato bilaterale e multilaterale e gli interventi diretti.

Aiuto umanitario

Servizi di base per la popolazione vittima del conflitto

L'aiuto umanitario d'emergenza soddisfa i bisogni elementari delle popolazioni colpite dal conflitto, cercando di garantire, in particolare, l'accesso all'acqua potabile, la sicurezza alimentare e le cure di base. In questo modo è possibile offrire i mezzi di sussistenza necessari alle popolazioni vulnerabili, consolidare le loro capacità istituzionali od organizzative per permettere loro di partecipare ai processi di riconciliazione. La DSC è particolarmente attiva a livello rurale.

Aiuto Umanitario

Governance fondiaria

Protezione delle vittime del conflitto: processo di restituzione delle terre

Adottata nel 2011, la legge sulle vittime e sulla restituzione delle terre prevede vari meccanismi di protezione in favore della popolazione civile. Questi meccanismi si ispirano all'approccio «Do no harm» («Non nuocere»), che vigila affinché l'aiuto fornito non diventi una fonte di conflitto supplementare tra le parti. Concretamente, questo approccio è articolato in tre punti:

  • il consolidamento istituzionale;
  • lo sviluppo delle capacità individuali;
  • la gestione delle conoscenze.

Il Ministero dell'agricoltura colombiano è incaricato di applicare la legge conformemente a questo approccio, con il sostegno tecnico dell'Università nazionale di Colombia e l'organizzazione americana «CDA-Collaborative Learning Projects».

Impegno in contesti fragili e prevenzione di conflitti armati

Acqua

Garantire l'accesso all'acqua per le popolazioni vulnerabili, migliorare il risanamento e la gestione idrica.

La popolazione, in particolare quella nelle regioni rurali, ha diritto a un accesso durevole all'acqua. Al contempo occorre anche garantire il risanamento idrico. Nel quadro di un partenariato pubblico-privato, imprese svizzere e colombiane hanno svolto ricerche sul consumo di acqua delle economie domestiche. I risultati di questi studi hanno permesso di avviare un progetto pilota per promuovere una migliore gestione dell'acqua. Le conoscenze acquisite nella realizzazione del progetto pilota hanno permesso di lanciare, nel 2012, una seconda fase a cui partecipano sette grandi imprese colombiane. Il progetto è coordinato dal Centro nazionale per una produzione più pulita (CNPP).

L’acqua

Storia della cooperazione

Dall'aiuto umanitario al sostegno della transizione

Nel 2001, la DSC ha aperto un ufficio a Bogotà e avviato un programma umanitario per migliorare le condizioni di vita delle vittime del conflitto armato. Dal 2009, la Colombia fa parte dei Paesi prioritari per la DSC.

Progetti attuali

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CRC: Integration of migrants and host communities in Cali

01.11.2019 - 31.01.2021

SDC will support the Colombian Red Cross (Cruz Roja Colombiana, CRC) in improving cultural and socioeconomic integration of Venezuelan migrants, Colombian returnees and vulnerable host communities in Cali. This project will work on the nexus between responding to humanitarian needs and building conditions for socioeconomic stabilization among migrants, returnees and vulnerable population. It will take place in a context of protection risks especially for women, youngsters and children associated to illegal economies and armed actors.


IDB Migration Initiative (Clean drinking water and sanitation program for la Guajira)

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2022

Switzerland supports to the newly created Migration Initiative of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) that was created in support of Latin American and Caribbean migrants and their host communities and accordingly contributes to deter grave development crisis by empowering communities to foster integration and consequently to strengthen stability of the region and Colombia in particular.


HI: ACTIVA – Integrated mine action in Cauca and Nariño

15.05.2019 - 31.05.2021

SDC will support Humanity & Inclusion (HI) in contributing to peace, early recovery and socioeconomic development of indigenous, peasant and afro-descendant communities in the departments of Cauca and Nariño, under the Government Stabilization Policy. The focus of the third phase will be on a comprehensive approach (mine risk education, humanitarian demining, victim rehabilitation and advocacy) that involves recovery of community economies and infrastructure. It will bring a broader impact and better cost-efficiency relationship.


SDC Education Fund

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

As part of its increased commitment for Education and of the implementation of SDC’s Education Strategy, the SDC launches an Education Fund in order to incentivize innovation and the application of new approaches in basic education/vocational skills development and through educational activities across sectors. Innovation can have a catalytic effect on the effectiveness of programmes in and through education. Education is a core enabler for sustainable development and is an important lever in Switzerland’s commitment to promote human and economic development, peace and stability. 


CCCM: Comprehensive Mine Action in Algeciras

24.11.2018 - 23.03.2021

SDC will continue supporting the clearance of antipersonnel mines explosive/unexploded ordnances/ improvised explosive devices in the municipality of Algeciras (Huila), as part of the implementation of the peace accord with the FARC-EP. This project aims to protect highly affected communities by the armed conflict and create conditions for socioeconomic and territorial development in a zone where the FARC-EP had a historic presence. This contribution will address a key issue for a sustainable peace in Colombia. It will also strengthen Campaña Colombiana Contra Minas (CCCM), which is the first Colombian association accredited for humanitarian demining.


Scaling up of the comprehensive model of water and sanitation for promotion of territorial peace to rural areas of 6 departments of the country (ASIR-SABA)

06.02.2018 - 31.12.2020

SDC will continue, on one hand, supporting the implementation of the institutional strengthening plans in Valle and Cauca in order to guarantee the closing of processes that initiated during the phase 1. On the other hand, the scaling-up of the technical assistance model proposed by SABA will start in la Guajira, Boyacá, Antioquia and Nariño. This project aims to contribute to peacebuilding in rural territories though improving the quality of life of the rural population, through differential schemes that allow sustainable management for the provision of water and sanitation (W & S).


RNEC: provide legal identity for vulnerable people located in areas of FARC Demobilization

15.06.2017 - 31.12.2020

SDC will support the National Institution for the Registry of Civil Status (Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil RNEC in Spanish) in the process of registration of vulnerable population located in areas where the demobilization of FARC will be carried out. Access to legal registration is a measure of protection of communities at risk or affected by armed conflict, and will also allow access to other basic and social services, such as health and education.


El Agua Nos Une – SuizAgua América Latina

Fabbricato - Impianto industriale di trattamento e riutilizzo delle acque

01.01.2016 - 31.08.2021

Strategic partnerships for water management

Water management is one of the main challenges of the 21st century. Thus, the knowledge generation to make decisions and better collaboration among sectors; are the axis of the present and future well-being of humanity. The initiative “El Agua Nos Une” articulates the work of public institutions, business associations and research centers. It aims at: i) scaling corporate water stewardship in Colombia; ii) strengthening knowledge on water uses, particularly in the agricultural sector; iii) contributing to the national water quality and quantity monitoring program; iv) developing an investment scheme in ecosystem services; and; v) facilitating a community of practice on water footprint and corporate water management in Latin America.


Handicap International: Comprehensive action against Antipersonnel Mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) in three departments of Colombia.

01.08.2015 - 31.05.2017

The five decades running armed conflict in Colombia continues to cause humanitarian needs such as internal displacement, landmine contamination and the recruitment of minors by armed groups. Departments of Nariño, Cauca and Cordoba, by geography serve as strategic corridor to the Pacific and Caribe for the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, weapons and illegal mining among others, becoming scenario of social conflicts and armed confrontation. Rural communities in those departments are among the most affected by antipersonnel mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) which generate victims with poor access to physical and psychosocial services, as well as option for social, economic and educational inclusion.


Modernization of Land Management in Colombia (Swiss Tierras) - Phase II

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2024

In the past, Colombia did not have a strong land management system, thus hindering economic development. With a first phase of support, SECO started to adress this gap. Phase II will now consolidate, further deepen and broaden the support, helping Colombia move further towards a modern land administration system.


Energy districts in Colombia (Phase II)

29.01.2019 - 31.12.2023

Air conditioning in buildings is one of the main sources of energy consumption in Colombia. One way of making the production of air condictioning cleaner and more efficient is to build Energy Districts. SECO supports Colombia in promoting Energy Districts as an interesting option to improve energy efficiency in cities and lower GHG emissions.


Sustainable Recycling Industries Phase II

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2023

With the growth of the global economy and the digitalization of today's businesses and society, electrical and electronic equipment has become more affordable and in combination with short usage times of the devices Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE or e-waste) has become the fastest growing waste stream worldwide.

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