Democratizzazione: per uno sviluppo inclusivo e sostenibile

Una giovane donna inserisce nell’urna la sua scheda piegata.
La DSC appoggia lo svolgimento di elezioni eque e trasparenti – per esempio in Tunisia. © DSC

La promozione dei valori democratici è importante per uno Stato che intenda essere inclusivo. La partecipazione a pieno titolo di tutta la popolazione aumenta le possibilità di uno sviluppo equilibrato che vada a beneficio di tutti. Limita inoltre la corruzione e gli abusi di potere, riducendo, in definitiva, il rischio di frustrazione e scontri politici. La promozione della democrazia è una delle priorità della politica estera svizzera. 

I processi di democratizzazione stanno particolarmente a cuore alla DSC. Il suo obiettivo è favorire la partecipazione della popolazione e un operato dei governi all’altezza delle loro responsabilità. La partecipazione a pieno titolo alla vita politica di diversi gruppi della popolazione e il loro coinvolgimento in tutte le questioni che hanno un impatto sull’esistenza quotidiana consentono di tenere conto di una pluralità d’interessi ampliando la legittimazione dei processi politici e il senso di corresponsabilità in fase di attuazione. Altri principi fondamentali in democrazia sono la divisione dei poteri e il controllo, l’obbligo di rendiconto, l’uguaglianza giuridica e lo Stato di diritto.

La Svizzera sostiene le istituzioni e i processi democratici. Appoggia l’interazione delle diverse forze democratiche che influiscono sul sistema politico e possono così rafforzarsi reciprocamente, attribuisce particolare importanza alla promozione dell’uguaglianza di genere e alla parità di diritti nonché alla protezione delle fasce più vulnerabili della popolazione. Opera inoltre con grande consapevolezza politica, sostiene soluzioni adeguate al contesto e costruisce su quanto già esiste, basandosi su valori democratici e non su modelli prestabiliti.

La democratizzazione è importante per uno sviluppo inclusivo e sostenibile, ma rappresenta anche un obiettivo in sé, in quanto garantisce il rispetto dei diritti civili e politici ed è il presupposto per la tutela di altri diritti fondamentali sul piano sociale, economico o culturale. Può infine contribuire a disinnescare conflitti violenti.

Progetti attuali

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Single-phase project: Enhancing Peace and Economic Prosperity through Women's Leadership and Inclusion (Women for Peace & Prosperity)

01.07.2024 - 30.06.2028

In line with the priorities of the Governments of Moldova and Switzerland, the project aims to socially and economically empower women, including refugee women from Ukraine, increase their participation in decision-making and the workforce, promote their entrepreneurial activities, and finally contribute to a just, equal, inclusive and resilient society and economy in Moldova. The project will promote gender-responsive policies and initiatives to address key barriers to women's socio-economic inclusion.


Good Financial Governance (GFG)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2027

The project contributes to strengthen Tanzania’s public financial system, a central element to cement its economic status. The 3rd phase aims at expanding the mobilization of domestic revenue and improving the government’s expenditure control. It shall strengthen interinstitutional mechanisms for tax data exchange, enhance the audit system, and improve public procurement. At policy level, it seeks to develop an evidence-based and gender responsive fiscal strategy for better public service delivery to benefit the population, especially the poor.


Citizen Participation and Conflict Prevention programme (PCPC)

01.05.2024 - 31.12.2029

Rwanda has achieved notable progress with regard to socioeconomic development and improved social cohesion. However, the role of citizens in decision-making and in holding leaders to account remains insufficient affecting the sustainability of results. This programme will increase the capability of the 30 districts in Rwanda to properly engage citizens in decision-making processes and will strengthen local conflict-resolution mechanisms, hence contributing to improved accountability and lasting social cohesion.


Anti-corruption and Accountability

01.04.2024 - 31.12.2027

Building on the results achieved in the first phase, Switzerland will contribute to reduce corruption in Mozambique by (1) improving and strengthening legal institutions and the judicial framework (2) strengthening anticorruption institutions to effectively tackle corruption, economic crime and the recovery, management of stolen assets and (3) supporting civil society organisations at national and local level in the fight against corruption. 


Civil Society for Democracy

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2028

Switzerland supports civil society in Kosovo – towards a strong and sustainable democracy actor, by contributing together with other development partners to the local re-granting scheme, administered by the Kosovo Civil Society Foundation (KCSF). Various types of grants (for activities, organisational strengthening, etc.) and capacity development enable improved organisational and financial capacities of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), strengthened constituency relations and increased civic engagement in public affairs.


Burundi – Programme conjoint sur les droits humains

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

La situation des droits de l’homme au Burundi reste préoccupante en raison de la persistance des violations des droits de l’homme et de l'absence d'obligation de rendre des comptes. Le Programme conjoint sur les droits humains est une initiative multipartite (Gouvernement et bailleurs de fonds) qui vise à promouvoir l’application du cadre légal en matière de droits de l’homme par des institutions crédibles et efficaces.


PER:FinancialMechan.DRRAndeanCountries

15.11.2023 - 14.11.2027

Subnational authorities in Peru and Ecuador responsible for DRM strengthen their capacities to access central government finance for DRM. The project will provide guidance in developing and accessing funding from existing public, public-private and multilateral DRM funds based on prior country diagnostics. A complementing Community of Practice (Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia) fosters exchange of experiences and lessons learned. This is expected to result in enhanced access to available financial resources for DRM for project beneficiaries. 


Pl SER Active Civil society Ph2

01.11.2023 - 31.10.2027

ACT-2 improves citizens’ participation in decision making at the local and national level through and with the support of civil society organizations (CSOs). Selected mission-driven CSOs are supported to strengthen constituency, diversify funding and effectively engage in advocacy. They jointly advocate with complementary CSOs and informal groups to increase impact and legitimacy. CSOs initiate dialogue and collaboration with local authorities, private sector and media to achieve development results.


Ma Implic- Civic engagement in LG, ph.2

01.11.2023 - 31.10.2027

Moldova is firmly committed to improve governance and service delivery at the local level through a local governance reform, which is also a necessary step in view of the possible accession to the European Union. This project will support the Moldovan national authorities in advancing the local governance reform, and the local authorities in designing and implementing more inclusive and transparent local governance practices and a more efficient delivery of various public services.


REG: Core Contribution to the RCC

15.10.2023 - 31.12.2026

The Regional Cooperation Council was officially launched in 2008 as the successor to the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. The Berlin Process in 2014 gave a new impetus to the regional cooperation and positioned the Council as a medium for communication between the Western Balkan and the EU. It represents an important tool for fostering the stability in the region by bringing together 46 countries, international organisations and banks, mainly from the EU, South East Europe and Western Balkans. 


Human Rights Grants (HRG) program in Tajikistan

01.10.2023 - 30.11.2025

The Human Rights grants program will support local and international organizations working in Tajikistan on acute Human Rights issues. The program will provide cofunding opportunities to selected projects related to child rights, freedom of press, human rights in custody, prevention of gender-based violence and the rights of migrants/refugees.


Contr. to UNESCO media project

01.10.2023 - 30.09.2026

The project will strengthen citizen’s access to information, accountability and transparency of governmental institutions and enhance the quality of the media and information landscape in Uzbekistan. UNESCO as implementing partner has a solid partnership with the government and supports ongoing legislative reforms with expertise, ensuring alignment with international standards, capacity building for key government stakeholders (incl. judiciary, law enforcement bodies) and media competence of professionals.

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