The SDC's activities in the Great Lakes region cover four priority themes: access to basic services for the population (health care, hygiene), the development of a local economy that creates jobs and incomes, the protection of civilians and the strengthening of democratic processes. The SDC coordinates its actions in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo with a regional strategy.

Today, Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC are still affected by poverty. This state of precariousness encourages political instability and recurring conflicts in the cases of Burundi and the DRC. The SDC understands that stabilisation of the whole region is vital for the well-being of the populations concerned: the fates of the three countries are largely interdependent given cross-border trade and rebellions that move from one land to another. Peacebuilding in the region involves strengthening the legitimacy of institutions. In accordance with its mandate for priority intervention in fragile contexts, the SDC seeks to lend a helping hand to the authorities in Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC in ensuring their main duties: offering a maximum amount of security to communities, creating jobs and ensuring good-quality basic services.