Switzerland and Mozambique enjoy good political relations. Mozambique is a priority country for Swiss development cooperation, and Switzerland provided support to help the country deal with the legacy of 16 years of civil war. More and more Swiss companies are now recognising Mozambique's economic potential.
Key aspects of diplomatic relations
High-level official visits between Switzerland and Mozambique have been taking place for several years. The two countries established diplomatic relations in 1976. As part of its peace policy, Switzerland began supporting Mozambique in its efforts to deal with the consequences of its 1976–1992 civil war, in addition to providing humanitarian aid and promoting the country's development.
Da almeno dieci anni il Mozambico attraversa una fase di stabilità economica, con una crescita annua attorno all 7%. Condizioni geografiche favorevoli (riserve, porti), risorse naturali (terre, carbone ecc.) e di gas, per la maggior parte ancora inutilizzate, fanno del Mozambico un Paese con un notevole potenziale economico.
Numerose grandi aziende svizzere vi si sono stabilite negli ultimi anni. A fronte del crescente interesse nei confronti del Mozambico da parte di imprese svizzere, nel 2013 l’Ambasciata di Svizzera ha lanciato la rete di affari «Swiss Mosambican Business Network».
Nel 2002 la Svizzera e il Mozambico hanno concluso un accordo bilaterale per l’incentivazione e la tutela degli investimenti, che costituisce, insieme all’accordo commerciale bilaterale del 1979, la base legale per le relazioni economiche tra i due Paesi.
Dal Mozambico la Svizzera importa perlopiù prodotti agricoli, tabacco, pietre e metalli preziosi e gioielleria e vi esporta soprattutto prodotti farmaceutici e macchinari.
Development cooperation and humanitarian aid
Mozambique is a priority country for Swiss development cooperation. The current cooperation strategy for the country, covering the 2012–2016 period, provides for aid amounting to CHF 30 million annually. This funding is focused on health, local governance and economic development.
Switzerland is also involved in specific projects aimed at strengthening the management of public-sector finances, promoting the growth of the private sector, improving healthcare services and supporting decentralisation.
The implementation of a poverty alleviation programme, administered by the Mozambican government, is one of the focal points of this cooperation work. Switzerland is one of a group of 15 donors which are supporting the programme by means of financial aid and active political dialogue.
Swiss nationals in Mozambique
Some 162 Swiss nationals are currently living in Mozambique.
History of bilateral relations
Various organisations have provided development assistance on the ground since the 1970s. In 1977, Switzerland opened an embassy in Maputo. Bilateral development cooperation between the two countries began in 1979. As early as 1922, Switzerland had opened a consulate in Mozambique to promote trade relations. On 30 October 1974, the Federal Council recognised Mozambique as an independent state. The country's independence was officially declared on 24 June 1975.
The first Swiss missionaries reached southern Mozambique from South Africa in the 18th century, pitching their tents in what was then Lourenço Marques, now Maputo, in 1887. Numerous biographical and ethnographic works, including "The life of a South African tribe" (1812) by the Swiss ethnologist and theologian Henri-Alexandre Junod, bear witness to the events of this period. In addition to their religious work, the missionaries also taught in local schools.