The effective management of the SCS 2018-21 will be assured through: (1) its aid modalities and strategic partnerships with Swiss implementing organisations and key bilateral and multilateral development partners; (2) the systematic integration of cross-cutting themes; (3) by applying reconstruction and disaster risk reduction as transversal programmes (4) explicit geographic and beneficiary targeting; and (5) a diverse and competent workforce.
6.1 Aid modalities and strategic partnerships
Switzerland will continue to apply a mix of aid modalities. Taking into account Nepal’s Development Cooperation Policy (2014), country systems will be strengthened wherever possible, especially in order to support the emerging institutions of the new federal state. Considering existing Swiss implementing agencies as strategic partners, in particular, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation with its important network of field staff, will be critical to sustaining the Swiss contribution to federalism and inclusion across Nepal. This potential will be duly reflected in all future tenders for implementation services. Close coordination and joint programming will continue with like-minded development partners in order to leverage Switzerland’s influence beyond its own financial reach. Strategic partnerships will be sought with: United Kingdom (UK), Norway, and WB in federal state building; WB, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in employment and income; and International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and International Labour Organisation (ILO) in migration.
Switzerland will accompany and assess the implementation of the WB’s IDA 18 commitment to reduce Nepal’s fragility, prevent conflicts, and foster employment and income via private sector development and infrastructure investments. The policy dialogue with the WB at national level will ensure that evidence gained in Nepal on the special theme “Fragility, Conflict and Violence” informs the IDA 18 Mid Term Review and the IDA 19 replenishment. Nepal constitutes an opportunity also to assess the capacity of the United Nations (UN) to combine political and development influence through the Resident Coordinator’s Office, with whom a close engagement will be maintained.
6.2 Transversal themes
Gender Equity and Social Inclusion (GESI) and the Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) will be systematically integrated into the programme portfolio and the institutional arrangements of the Embassy in order to challenge prevalent power relations and to advance the socio-economic and political status of women and discriminated groups. These objectives will be achieved by (a) promoting political leadership and decision making by women and discriminated groups; (b) improve their access to assets, services, and state resources; (c) strengthening capacity and understanding of right holders, duty bearers and responsibility bearers to achieve a systemic transformation of institutions; (d) enhancing the institutional competence of the Embassy and its projects and partners for a systemic application of the transversal themes; and (e) improving monitoring, GESI statistics, and evidence based policy advocacy and knowledge management and learning systems. A special focus will be given to disability inclusive development too.
The systemic transformation of institutions will be supported by building knowledge, skills and behaviours of duty bearers to plan, implement and monitor policies and programmes that address the needs and concerns of women and discriminated groups. Switzerland will continue its technical support to the International Development Partner GESI Working Group and to other stakeholders through research and capacity development initiatives on GESI and HRBA in the context of federalisation.
6.3 Reconstruction and disaster risk reduction as transversal programmes
With the goal of reducing the impacts of disasters linked to climate change and natural hazards, additional contributions to Domain 1 will come from a 2-year post-earthquake reconstruction programme and a longer-term Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programme. The programmes will support federal state building by ensuring the safety of citizens and economic assets from natural hazards exacerbated by climate change. At subnational level, the focus will mainly be on capacity building for DRR and post-earthquake reconstruction, but also on raising people’s awareness about risks, the possibility of risk management and the opportunities for reconstruction. The experience at subnational level will also feed the policy dialogue at a national level with other development partners and the government. DRR will also be a transversal element in the other domains, especially Domain 2, which relies on a dependable transport infrastructure.
6.4 Geographic and beneficiary targeting
A concentration in State 1 will allow for the better creation of synergies between the three domains, and for feeding knowledge and experiences from the local level into the policy and political dialogues and donor coordination at federal and state level. The shift of resources and of programmatic focus into State 1 will be done gradually over the course of the strategy period. It is expected to be a smooth transition as the majority of geographically targeted funds are already concentrated in State 1. The shift will concern mainly the agriculture programme implemented by Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation. Despite this shift, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation will keep a presence in State 6 in the West of the country by the engagement of its own funds and thanks to an agreement that the Embassy has reached with IFAD in 2017. IFAD will provide agriculture investments funds for State 6 through a new governmental program that will run from 2018 to 2023. Switzerland, through Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, will provide technical assistance to the programme for the duration of the present strategy. A planned exit from Ramechhap, a focus district from the previous strategy that is now located in State 3, will be completed by mid-2019.
In terms of beneficiary targeting, the strategy will primarily target women and members of socially discriminated groups. Each intervention will set explicit quantitative targets to ensure benefits for these groups as they are considered the key agents of transformative development. An important number of them now occupy elective positions in the newly formed local governments. Specific targets will also be applied to every intervention in order to define the number of beneficiaries which are from disadvantaged groups, or which are from a migrant family background.
6.5 Human and financial resources
The programme will be based on a dedicated Human Resources (HR) strategy. The programme will be staff intensive. A reduction of the global budget and of human resources would inevitably cause a reduction of the operational programme. The budget must allow for developing and mobilising skills in sectoral and specific thematic competencies required for the implementation of the new strategy and for an effective integration of HRBA and GESI approaches in Project Cycle Management (PCM). Together with the need to maximise the potential of an increasingly diverse workforce in terms of caste, ethnicity and gender, the HR strategy will address discrimination and social exclusion. Teamwork, open communication, and high standards of integrity will be promoted. The recently revised code of conduct will be strictly enforced. Conflict Sensitive Programme Management (CSPM) will be strengthened through an enhanced ethical competence of staff and through the systematic application of the cross-cutting themes of GESI and HRBA throughout the PCM. CSPM will also remain an important instrument for context analysis and the institutional and programmatic approach of the Embassy.