Switzerland has close ties with Mexico in a wide variety of areas. The two countries are active at the multilateral level in particular, often adopting similar positions. Switzerland has lively commercial exchanges with Mexico, its second most important trading partner in Latin America.
Bilateral relations Switzerland–Mexico
Key aspects of diplomatic relations
Switzerland and Mexico have close political ties. The two countries have signed treaties in a number of areas: air transport (1966), double taxation (1993), reciprocal visa-free access for holders of a diplomatic, official or service passport (1994), promotion and protection of investments (1995), international mutual assistance in criminal matters (2005) and scheduled air services (2016). Since 2007 senior officials from the two foreign ministries have met regularly for consultations. Switzerland and Mexico have worked together closely in multilateral affairs, including in the creation of the UN Human Rights Council, and in the context of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Global Forum on Migration and Development and the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).
Economic relations between the two countries are regulated at the bilateral level as well as through the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico and EFTA, which is currently being brought up to date. The Swiss embassy in Mexico is also responsible for diplomatic relations with Belize.
The head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Federal Councillor Didier Burkhalter, paid an official visit to Mexico on 14 May 2015. In November 2016, the President of the Swiss Confederation, Johann Schneider-Ammann, paid a visit to Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto in Mexico City to mark 70 years of diplomatic relations between Switzerland and Mexico in 2015/2016.
Within the framework of the EFTA-Mexico Free Trade Agreement, the two countries entered into commitments strengthening bilateral trade. Talks are currently under way to update this agreement. Switzerland is one of the largest foreign investors in Mexico, with a stock of direct investment amounting to CHF 7.441 billion in 2015. Over 31,700 persons are employed by Swiss companies in Mexico.
Mexico’s exports to Switzerland in 2016 were worth CHF 968 million, while Swiss exports to Mexico totalled more than CHF 1.3 billion.
In May 2012, Swiss Global Enterprise (SGE) opened a Swiss Business Hub in Mexico City to promote trade.
Cooperation in education, research and innovation
Researchers and artists in Mexico can apply to the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) for Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships.
Peace promotion and human security
The Swiss embassy regularly oversees projects in the area of human security.
Swiss nationals in Mexico
At the end of 2016, there were 5,489 Swiss citizens living in Mexico, looked after by the embassy in Mexico City as well as the honorary consulates in Cancún, Guadalajara and Monterrey.
There are three Swiss schools in Mexico, located in Mexico City, Cuernavaca and Querétaro.
History of bilateral relations
The United Mexican States gained independence from Spain in1821. Switzerland opened an honorary consulate in Mexico City in 1827. Exchanges of a predominantly commercial nature developed throughout the 19th century between the two countries. In 1945 Switzerland opened a legation, which was upgraded to an embassy in 1958.