Generally speaking, it is not possible for Swiss citizens to adopt a child in China. China has agreements on inter-country adoption with 17 countries but Switzerland is not among them. Furthermore, China has declined an attempt from the Swiss government to establish such an agreement in 2006.
However, a Swiss citizen may qualify as adoptive parent if one of the following criteria is met:
- Adoption of a relative with Chinese roots (e.g. niece, nephew). The degree of kinship has to exist.
- Adoption of a stepchild (wife/husband must possess the Chinese nationality).
- If a Swiss citizen is also a citizen of one of the countries with whom China has an agreement on inter-country adoption, he/she can adopt a child based on that nationality. The adoption would occur according to that country’s law and Switzerland thereafter recognizes the adoption based on to the private international law.
In case of an adoption in China please contact the competent Swiss representation in your consular district. We will provide you with the necessary information on how to proceed with the registration of the adoption in the civil status register of Switzerland.