Evidence shows that without peaceful and inclusive communities and effective governance, development cannot be sustainable. For example, conflict-affected countries are the furthest away from achieving the MDGs, whereas in many other countries the re-establishment of peace and accountable institutions has contributed greatly to achieving the MDGs.
Goal 16 for 2030 therefore aims to promote peaceful and inclusive societies. As such, it advocates reducing all forms of violence, ending torture and combating all forms of organised crime. In addition, Goal 16 envisages significantly reducing corruption and bribery as well as illicit financial and arms flows. To ensure that societies are peaceful and inclusive, Goal 16 also aims to promote inclusive institutions and the rule of law, and guarantee equal access to justice.
Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16.1: Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
16.2: End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
16.3: Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
16.4: By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
16.5: Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
16.6: Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
16.8: Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
16.9: By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
16.10: Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
16.a: Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
16.b: Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development