The SDC is responsible for coordinating Switzerland's development cooperation and humanitarian aid activities. It has a variety of instruments at its disposal to carry out these tasks:
Multilateral development cooperation
Bilateral development cooperation
Swiss Humanitarian Aid and the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit (SHA)
Cooperation with Eastern Europe and the CIS
International cooperation encompasses a broad range of mutually complementary tasks that have been undertaken in response to widely different challenges. Cooperation with Eastern Europe, for example, emerged in response to the fall of the Berlin Wall. The former socialist states needed support in transforming their centrally controlled systems into market economies and democracies (transition). Swiss Humanitarian Aid focuses its activities on the provision of life-saving aid during emergency situations and post-disaster and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. While the Global Cooperation Department addresses global challenges such as climate change and food security, the South Cooperation Department improves access to jobs, income, education and healthcare for disadvantaged population groups and promotes sustainable economic growth.