Switzerland's foreign policy is guided by the values and strengths of its domestic policy. The objective, as defined in the Federal Constitution, is to safeguard Switzerland's interests, independence, well-being and security. Through its foreign policy, Switzerland plays its part in alleviating need and poverty in the world, while promoting respect for human rights and democracy, and contributing to the peaceful coexistence of peoples and the conservation of natural resources.
Foreign policy strategy and implementation
Working on this basis, Switzerland is willing to take on responsibility and show solidarity with others. In doing so, it focuses its efforts primarily on areas where it can make a difference on account of its experience, networks, expertise and the array of instruments at its disposal. In the interests of coherence and efficiency, the FDFA coordinates foreign policy with the other federal departments.
Switzerland is also committed to promoting dialogue and building bridges as part of its foreign policy. Thanks to its neutrality, independence and humanitarian tradition, it is able to play a part in bringing peace and security to the world. Providing good offices is one of Switzerland's strengths. With many years of experience in mediation and providing support in seeking solutions to conflicts, its expertise is recognised worldwide.
Switzerland is committed to the rule of law, dialogue and a culture of compromise, co-determination and power sharing, humanitarian principles and the prevention of conflicts and extremism. It plays an active role in the fight to reduce poverty and in protecting the environment, providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief, aiding reconstruction, and preventing and reducing disaster risks. It contributes to drawing up international rules and standards for a just international order that fosters security and prosperity for all. Wherever possible, people should be able to live in dignity and peace, both today and in the future.
Switzerland maintains relations with all countries wherever possible. It has close ties politically, economically and culturally with its European partners, as well as sharing fundamental democratic principles. Switzerland's most important trading partners are the EU and neighbouring countries. Given that it is not a member of the European Union or other major alliances or groups such as the G20, it also relies on a stable and open international environment.
To maintain its diverse relations with other countries, Switzerland has a network of some 170 representations worldwide (embassies, consulates general and cooperation offices), which also provide a range of timely, citizen-oriented services for Swiss nationals abroad.
Every four years, the Federal Council defines its foreign policy strategy, setting out the priorities for the specific implementation of these objectives.