The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) obliges states parties to pursue by all appropriate means a policy of eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms and promoting understanding among all races, to refrain from all acts and practices of racial discrimination, and to prohibit and prosecute such acts.
The Convention provides a definition of racial discrimination and sets out all the civil, political, economic, social and cultural human rights that must be guaranteed to everyone without distinction as to race. It also contains the basic right to effective judicial complaint procedures (legal remedies) in the event of any act of racial discrimination.
The Convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 21 December 1965 and came into force on 4 January 1969. The Convention was ratified by Switzerland on 29 November 1994, where it came into force on 29 December that year.
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)