In order to provide financial assistance, the Swiss government uses the instruments of international organisations such as the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). These organisations have set up funds to pool contributions to Ukraine from different countries.
As a result of the war, tax revenues in Ukraine have collapsed, the World Bank's Peace Fund is working to keep the state's finances in balance and to ensure that salaries are paid to public service staff, such as teachers and police.
Through the Ukraine Relief, Recovery, Reconstruction and Reform Trust Fund (URTF), Switzerland is helping with the urgent repair of destroyed energy infrastructure.
Within the framework of the EBRD, Switzerland is primarily involved in supporting the private sector in Ukraine. The EBRD's Small Business Impact Fund, for example, helps to improve the environment for SMEs. Activities include providing advice, strengthening supply chains, ensuring access to finance and establishing industrial parks.
Through the Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging Markets (SIFEM), Switzerland invests in the Horizon Capital Growth Fund, which supports IT and export start-ups.