Dual-use goods can be used for military and civilian purposes. They include, for example, machine tools, chemicals and unarmed military training aircraft. Switzerland is one of the six countries that export the most dual-use goods. A licence is required to export such goods.
Export of dual-use goods
Swiss industry exports goods with military and civilian applications worth several billion Swiss francs a year, making it one of the six largest exporters of dual-use goods. These goods include machine tools, chemicals and unarmed military training aircraft. Such exports require authorisation by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). The FDFA gives its opinion about the applications.
Grounds for rejecting applications include the suspicion that the dual-use goods will be used in the country of destination to manufacture weapons of mass destruction – biological and chemical weapons or nuclear weapons – or to produce missiles to deliver weapons of mass destruction.