The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities guarantees all human rights for people with disabilities. It was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 December 2006. Switzerland acceded to the Convention on 15 April 2014.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) ensures that persons with disabilities enjoy all human rights and participate in public, economic and social life. It does not contain any special rights, but defines universal human rights from the perspective of persons with disabilities. The aim is to promote equal opportunities for persons with disabilities and to prevent discrimination against them in society.
The Convention guarantees persons with disabilities inter alia the right to:
- an independent and autonomous life
- his or her own family
- an adequate living standard and social protection;
- access education
- participate in public and cultural life, and
- protection against multiple discrimination, violence, exploitation and abuse
States parties are obliged to create 'focal points' that supervise the implementation of their commitments under the Convention. They must also develop a national programme to implement and promote the Convention.
Switzerland ratified the Convention on 15 April 2014, where it came into force on 15 May that year.
The Convention obliges the states parties to report to its monitoring body, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The first report is due two years after ratification, after which reports are submitted at least every four years. Switzerland's first report is due in 2016 and is currently being drafted.
The Federal Office for Disability Equality (FODE) is responsible for Switzerland's country reports on the implementation of its obligations under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
The Convention is supplemented by an optional protocol that provides for an individual complaints procedure and an investigation procedure.
The optional protocol was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 December 2006 and came into force on 3 May 2008. Switzerland has not yet ratified the optional protocol.