Hong Kong is an extraordinarily important economic partner to Switzerland. Since 1 July 1997 Hong Kong has been a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and as such it has no foreign policy of its own.
Bilateral relations Switzerland–Hong Kong
Key aspects of bilateral relations
Hongkong often serves as an entry point for Swiss exports to the Chinese mainland. Switzerland exports about the same volume of goods to Hong Kong as to the rest of China put together.
A large number of Swiss banks have established operations in Hong Kong since the 1960s, mainly because of its role as a financial centre.
Swiss nationals in Hong Kong
In 2013, there were 2064 Swiss nationals resident in Hongkong.
History of bilateral relations
Hong Kong was a British colony between 1842 (Treaty of Nanking) and 1997, when it was handed back to China. In the course of the 19th century it became one of the most important trading centres in Asia. Switzerland had a presence in Hong Kong in the person of Theodor Jost, its first Apostolic Prefect, as long ago as 1842. At the beginning of the 20th century Catholic and Protestant missionaries – most of them from the Basel Mission – settled in the area, as did Swiss businessmen.