Fragilität und Gewalt behindern die Armutsbekämpfung

Anhänger des abgesetzten Präsidenten José Manuel Zelaya werden 2009 von der honduranischen Armee beschossen
Weltweit leben rund 1.5 Milliarden Menschen in Ländern, in denen Gewalt alltäglich ist. © Laif/Redux-Stephen Ferry (Honduras, 2009)

Fragilität, Konflikte, Gewalt und Menschenrechtsverletzungen: Sie gehören zu den grössten Herausforderungen in der Armutsbekämpfung. Fragilität innerhalb eines Staates ist gekennzeichnet durch die Unfähigkeit der Regierung, Sicherheit und grundlegende öffentliche Dienstleistungen zu gewährleisten. Ebenso fehlt ein konstruktives und gegenseitiges Verhältnis zwischen Regierung und Bevölkerung.

Weltweit gelten über 40 Staaten als fragil oder gewalt- und konfliktbetroffen. In diesen Ländern leben rund 1.5 Milliarden Menschen. Sie gehören zu den Ärmsten der Welt. Mit ihrer Arbeit leistet die DEZA einen Beitrag zur Verringerung von Konfliktursachen, zur Stärkung der öffentlichen Grundversorgung und zur Achtung der Menschenrechte.

Die Mehrheit der als fragil eingestuften Länder hat bisher noch keines der acht Millenniumsentwicklungsziele (MDGs) erreicht. Mit den MDGs soll insbesondere die Armut bis 2015 halbiert werden. Die Bevölkerung fragiler Länder leidet unter den gewaltsamen Konflikten, den unsicheren politischen Verhältnissen und der schwachen Regierungsführung.

Engagement in fragilen Kontexten

Die Schweiz hat ihre Unterstützung für fragile und konfliktbetroffene Regionen in den Jahren 2013–2016 ausgebaut.

Arbeit der DEZA in fragilen Kontexten

Die zehn OECD-Prinzipien bilden die Grundlage des DEZA-Engagements. Zu den Zielen gehören die Reduktion von Konfliktursachen, die Erhöhung von Krisenresistenz und die Verbesserung der Menschenrechtslage.


Sie schlagen oft erst zu, wenn der Konflikt längst vorbei ist. Sie treffen fast immer Zivilisten, etwa ein Viertel der Opfer sind Kinder. Liegt die Mine erst einmal im Boden, ist es aufwändig, teuer und gefährlich, sie unschädlich zu machen.

Kennzeichen fragiler Kontexte

Fragile Länder oder Regionen sind gekennzeichnet durch schwache oder instabile Institutionen, Armut, Gewalt, Korruption und politische Willkür.

Prävention von Gewaltkonflikten

Prävention von Gewaltkonflikten zielt darauf ab, das erneute Aufflammen früherer und den Ausbruch neuer Gewaltherde zu verhindern.

Aktuelle Projekte

Objekt 1 – 12 von 35

Strengthening of civil-political-economic rights and social auditing.

01.05.2020 - 30.06.2027

Strengthening civil-political-economic rights, freedom of expression and social auditing is a priority to ensure the functioning of the rule of law and respect for human rights in Honduras. The role of civil society is essential in the construction of citizenship and to ensure a system of check and balance. Therefore, the program will support 6 to 8 national civil society organization with strong anchoring in the territories to promote jointly in a concerted, impartial and evidence based way these topics.

ProJoven: Vocational training for young people at risk of exclusion

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

En la fase II, ProJoven contribuye a la inserción laboral de aproximamiento 6’000 jóvenes en riesgo del Distrito Central, de la región Golfo de Fonseca y Mosquitia/Atlántida. Esto significa un mínimo de 80% de los 7’500 jóvenes formados con un sistema de formación profesional-inserción laboral de calidad y acorde a la demanda del mercado, que alcanza sectores productivos, servicios y turismo. Además, el sistema formación-inserción laboral incorpora un enfoque psicosocial para la sostenibilidad de los resultados.

Diakonia International Humanitarian Law Resource Center (IHLRC) “Closing the Compliance Gap”

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss contribution supports Diakonia’s International Humanitarian Law Resource Centre (IHLRC) to respond to the demand for accurate and principled legal analysis on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law in the oPt, and to make it accessible to States and relevant organizations to ensure that their policies and international aid are not in contradiction with international law. This intervention is in line with the Swiss Foreign Policy in the Region and SDC Cooperation Strategy 2015-2018 that aims to promote respect for International Law, to ensure protection by all duty-bearers of the rights of the Palestinian population.

Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Jointly with the Swedish Embassy, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes region, a program run by Interpeace with 6 local NGOs. This second phase will continue using research and dialogue to address stereotypes and lack of trust behind recurrent conflicts in the Great Lakes region. Research and dialogue constitute the basis to engage decision makers, to promote good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions taking into account local populations’ concerns and recommendations.

Access to Justice in Tajikistan

A lawyer sits at her desk and discusses with a woman.

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2020

Through this project, Switzerland will accompany the Government in realizing a state system providing free legal aid, which will allow the vulnerable (poor) individuals in Tajikistan to better protect their rights and in particular to claim various benefits (e.g. pensions, child allowances). This system will replace the current NGO provided legal aid services. A space for dialogue between civil society and state authorities will also be preserved and will contribute to addressing further legal challenges faced by the population.

Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census 2017

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2018

SDC will support the realisation of the third Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census in 2017 through a targeted contribution to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). This project is co-financed by the Palestinian Authority and by a range of donors which acknowledge thereby the need to conduct a national census on a regular basis (every ten years) to produce reliable development data and statistics that support the design and implementation of effective policies conducive to reaching the goals of Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals). Such data are even more important in fragile contexts, such as the oPt.

Contribution to UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women

01.12.2016 - 30.11.2021

Switzerland is renewing its contribution to the system-wide United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (UNTF). As the only global multilateral grant-making mechanism exclusively devoted to supporting local and national efforts to ending violence against women and girls (EVAW/G), including in fragile and conflict contexts, the UNTF has the advantage to possess a global overview of the legal provisions and practices, methods of prevention and types of support services needed. Dissemination of good practice will be strengthened to inform policy and programming.

Safeguarding children’s rights in East Jerusalem

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

By supporting a comprehensive child protection programme in occupied East Jerusalem, Switzerland aims to ensure that vulnerable children at risk of being in conflict with the law or directly affected by the conflict, together with their families, have access to appropriate preventive and protection programmes. The intervention, implemented by UNICEF and its partners, is in line with Switzerland's engagement for the respect of human rights and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territory.

TUR CONCERN Capacity Strengthening of local NGOs for Effective Refugee Response in Turkey

01.12.2016 - 31.01.2018

Civil Society (CS) in Turkey only recently has developed a humanitarian focus. INGOs, donors and the UN rely on a few natinal NGOs to compleent the governmental refugee respone, which is increasingly strained as the Sate is undergoing a severe crisis. Humanitarian CS initiatives have also emerged at local and provincial level, but there institutional and operational capacities are still weak. This project will stregthen the capacities of 10 local NGOs to conduct refugee assistance. 

Prevention of Domestic Violence in Tajikistan

01.10.2016 - 30.09.2019

Domestic violence is widespread in Tajik society (70% of women experience domestic violence in their life). Despite the adoption of the law on domestic violence in 2013, the Government lacks coordinated mechanisms for its implementation. In the exit phase the project will shift from NGO based service provision towards supporting the state coordination mechanisms, the establishment of an effective public referral system providing services to the victims, and public awareness activities with a focus on contributing to behavioural changes.

United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2018

The conflict in the eastern part of the country has aggravated the human rights situation in Ukraine which requires a comprehensive international monitoring and engagement with relevant actors. The United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission is well placed to help identifying human rights gaps and concerns in Ukraine, and to formulate specific recommendations for shaping policies and assistance programs.

Renforcement d’IDEA phase Unique (RIDEAU)

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2018

Le programme d’IDEA en Haïti vise le renforcement des institutions (p. ex. Parlement) et des acteurs politiques (p. ex. partis), piliers institutionnels de  l’état de droit. Ce faisant IDEA contribue à bâtir une gouvernance nationale respectueuse de la participation citoyenne et paritaire entre les femmes et les hommes. La DDC apporte une contribution générale à IDEA avec un suivi particulier sur la participation politiques des femmes et sur les pratiques de reddition des comptes. 

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