Horn von Afrika: Zwei humanitäre Helfer der DEZA erzählen von ihrer Arbeit

Artikel, 19.08.2016

Die internationale Gemeinschaft begeht am 19. August 2016 den Welttag der humanitären Hilfe. Bei dieser Gelegenheit würdigt die DEZA ihre Mitarbeitenden, die humanitäre Hilfe leisten. Natacha Pugin und Abdi Kunow setzen sich täglich für die Nahrungsmittelhilfe am Horn von Afrika ein.

Eine Frau im Spitalbett mit ihrem Sohn auf dem Schoss. Beide sind stark unterernährt. Sie werden in einem Spital in Mogadischu in Somalia behandelt.
Das Welternährungsprogramm der UNO richtet sich 2016 an 1,4 Millionen Menschen in Somalia, die an Hunger leiden. © WFP/Barry Came

Im Rahmen der Schweizer Entwicklungszusammenarbeit leisten mehrere Hundert Expertinnen und Experten humanitäre Hilfe. Sei es in Bern oder im Ausland, als Mitglieder des Schweizerischen Korps für humanitäre Hilfe vor Ort oder in Reserve, arbeiten diese Männer und Frauen in den verschiedensten Bereichen in allen Ländern der Welt, wo Hilfe gebraucht wird.

Das Horn von Afrika ist mit einer Vielzahl von Krisen konfrontiert: Naturkatastrophen, Konflikte, extreme Armut. Somalia ist das Epizentrum der humanitären Katastrophen dieser Region und verzeichnet weltweit die höchste Unterernährungsrate. Die UNO geht von 4,7 Millionen Menschen aus, die in Somalia humanitäre Hilfe benötigen, was 40% der Bevölkerung entspricht.

Wer sind die Helferinnen und Helfer, die sich in diesem schwierigen Kontext engagieren? Wie und woran arbeiten sie? Welches ist ihre Motivation? Fokus auf die Arbeit von zwei Experten der DEZA am Grossen Horn von Afrika.

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© DEZA

Natacha Pugin

Funktion: Mitglied des Schweizerischen Korps für humanitäre Hilfe, im Einsatz für das Welternährungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen in Somalia

Arbeitsort: Nairobi, Kenia. Gelegentliche Reisen nach Somalia

Dauer der Mission: 12 Monate

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© DEZA

Kunow Abdi

Funktion: Beauftragter des Programms für Ernährungssicherheit für das Horn von Afrika, Schweizer Kooperationsbüro in Kenia

Arbeitsort: Nairobi, Kenia – Reisen am Horn von Afrika (Nordkenia, Somalia)

Links

Projekte der DEZA am Grossen Horn von Afrika

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Horn of Africa: One Health Units for Humans, Environment, Animals and Livelihoods

01.09.2024 - 30.06.2032

The project aims at improving the well-being of targeted pastoral communities challenged with inadequate access to basic health/veterinary services and environmental conditions in Somalia, Ethiopia and Northern Kenya through integrated health service delivery for both pastoralists and their livestock. The project will contribute to stability and vulnerability’s reduction of citizens in the region, thereby reducing their displacement/migration which is in the interest of Switzerland and the international community.


Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.10.2022 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


KENYA - Strengthening Livestock Sector in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) Counties

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2026

60% of the population in northern Kenya depends on livestock production in an environment of recurrent droughts and natural resource-based conflicts. The programme will contribute to poverty reduction, improved resilience to shocks and enhanced socio-economic inclusion of pastoralist and agro-pastoralist men and women by supporting climate-smart livestock production, improving rangelands management and promoting peaceful coexistence of communities.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.01.2022 - 31.08.2027

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their migration governance capacities so as to enable the organisation to effectively implement regional, continental and global regulatory standards for the protection of refugees and vulnerable migrants in the region.


Single Phase - City-to-City Partnership Hawassa – Lugano

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2026

This contribution supports an innovative Swiss-Ethiopian municipal twinning partnership to enhance capacity at the sub-national level to manage access to drinking water in good quantity and quality according to the Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 and 6.3 in underserved communities. The partnership will be accompanied by a research and education component, involving local and Swiss innovative university partnerships.


RAPID+ The Kenya Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development Plus

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2026

Pastoralist communities in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) have for a very long time adapted to the harsh environments to derive livelihoods (mainly livestock). Communities in the ASALs are facing multiple pressures of climate change, degraded natural resources and conflicts. This program supports the historically marginalised and under-developed pastoralist communities in Northern Kenya to access safe, reliable and affordable Water and manage their rangeland ecosystem sustainably.  


Locally-led Governance: the road to legitimate and effective delivery of services

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Somali population is facing considerable development and state building challenges, with Government institutions still very weak and fragile, particularly at the local level. With the UN Joint Programme for Local Governance and Decentralised Service Delivery (JPLG) as well as local peacebuilding initiatives, SDC contributes to enhanced state legitimacy, more equitable access to public service and well-being for all citizens, leading to more stability in the Horn of Africa.


Strengthening livestock sector in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) Counties of Kenya

01.10.2021 - 30.04.2024

Around 60% of the population in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Eastern Kenya Counties live in abject poverty and are almost entirely dependent on livestock production for their livelihoods in an environment that is characterized by droughts and resource based conflicts. This programme will support these Counties to enhance livestock production by strengthening key factors such as fodder production, animal health, etc. and by strengthening the institutions to more effectively deliver relevant services and reduce conflicts. 


Financing Durable Solutions Programme for Forcibly Displaced People (FDSI)

01.10.2021 - 31.12.2025

Through an innovative approach, Switzerland will mobilize the private sector and municipalities to contribute to durable solutions for displacement-affected communities in the Horn of Africa. Forcibly displaced persons and their host communities will benefit from enhanced self-reliance and increased socioeconomic inclusion. The initiative operationalises the strategic link between migration policy and international cooperation and further strengthens Switzerland’s profile as a pioneer in the search for durable solutions.


Direct Health Facility Financing

Zuena Hussein Ismail with her baby attended by a health worker at Makole Health Centre in Dodoma.

01.09.2021 - 30.06.2026

Together with the Tanzanian Government and development partners, Switzerland’s contribution to the reformed Health Basket Fund builds on positive results achieved so far and pursues to strengthen the health system that benefits 58 million inhabitants. Switzerland’s contribution will further expand effective decentralisation through the Direct Health Facility Financing mechanism to state and non-state primary health care providers, thus accelerating Tanzania’s progress towards universal health coverage and “Leaving no One Behind”.


Community Health Provision in Somalia

01.08.2021 - 30.04.2024

The programme provides maternal and child health services in Somalia. It works with community and district health boards to strengthen health governance at the local levels, while at the same time builds the capacities of health authorities and health workers. It also promotes innovation by incorporating research findings that inform evidence based implementation. All these elements are linked to the Swiss interest of ensuring long term sustainability in the intervention areas through strengthened service delivery at lower governance levels.


Somalia, UNFPA Support to Health, Gender and Data

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2025

This programme will work closely with health workers arid health authorities at the state and federal level to improve access and quality of health services. Focus will be on maternal and child health, and sexual and reproductive health for the youth and adults. At the same time, the programme will address gender issues around gender based violence while also working on collecting data on the general population that can be used for evidence based programming within the health sector.

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